HCM CITY — The Employment Bill will usher in several changes to working regulations, a conference held to gather opinions about the proposed law heard in HCM City yesterday.
The law, expected to be passed by the National Assembly at the end of this year, will require employers to have training programmes to develop their employees' skills, a provision the 2012 Labour Law does not have.
It would address emerging issues in employment services, according to the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs.
It will also regulate furnishing of information about the labour market and simplify recruitment and issue of work permits to foreign workers.
The bill takes a broad look at the country's job situation. This includes the problems faced by farmers losing their jobs as a result of their lands being taken over for non-agricultural purposes.
It acknowledges that the rapid urbanisation has created a critical shortage of jobs in rural areas, and the fact that 32.7 million people do not have labour contracts is a major problem. Without contracts, there is no basis to provide them support or any kind of social welfare.
Employment insurance will be hived off from the Social Insurance Law and included in the Employment Law, and will now include regulations on supporting people who lost jobs and getting them new jobs in addition to unemployment insurance.
The Labour Law requires unemployment insurance agencies to support and compensate workers if they lose jobs but says nothing about policies to prevent a situation that causes job losses. The new law will do so.
Nguyen Dai Dong, director of the labour ministry's Employment Department, said the policies governing unemployment insurance have a lot of loopholes that are taken advantage of and the new law would plug them.
The law would enable the development of a database for better management of workers, he said.
Participants recommended creating a code for foreign employees working for Vietnamese businesses in other countries.
Some said employment insurance should be a code rather than a chapter in the new law because it is a part of the Unemployment Insurance Code.
The conference was organised by the National Assembly's Committee on Social Affairs. — VNS