HA NOI — Since 2001 less than 10 per cent of 150 housing projects in Ha Noi with a total of 183,000 flats and private houses have been granted land use rights or house ownership certificates, according to the Department of Natural Resources and Environment (DNRE).
Explaining the problem, representatives from the DNRE said many investors violated laws while implementing the housing projects. Violations include building houses with larger than approved areas or using the ground floor for different purposes, which has forced construction work on projects to stall as punishment.
Policies on granting land use rights certificates have been labelled not comprehensive enough.
The Natural Resources and Environment Ministry's Circular 17 issued in 2009 regulated the issue of land use rights certificates, but did not give detailed guidance for land for different users, unlicensed building or in cases where no certificates were issued, said Le Thanh Nam, head of Ha Noi's Department of Natural Resources and Environment's Register and Statistics Division.
Regulations for land use rights applications were also found to differ.
Governmental Decree 88 stated that applications could be handed in to district or commune People's Committees, whereas the Prime Minister's Decision 93 issued in 2006 regulated that the applications can only be handed in at the district level.
Individuals and households are not the only groups affected - offices and organisations have also met difficulties applying for the certificates, as many land users employ their land for purposes outside of the scheme's guidelines. Some land even belongs to dikes, roads and historic relics, according to DNRE.
To resolve the issue, deputy chairman of the municipal People's Committee Vu Hong Khanh said the city authorities would force housing project investors who met difficulties in attaining certificates to rectify their violations in order to speed up their projects. — VNS