|Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong (left) and Party General Secretary and President of China Xi Jinping review the guard of honour yesterday in Ha Noi. — VNA/VNS Photo Thong Nhat
HA NOI (VNS) — General Secretary of the Communist Party of Viet Nam (CPV) Nguyen Phu Trong has affirmed that the Vietnamese Party, State and people have continually treasured the amity with China and are willing to work with the neighbour to deepen the comprehensive strategic co-operative partnership.
He made the remarks at his talks with General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and President of China Xi Jinping in Ha Noi yesterday.
He said the Chinese leader's State visit is of great significance as the two countries are celebrating the 65th founding anniversary of their diplomatic ties and the relations between the two Parties and countries are growing.
The visit demonstrates that the Chinese Party, Government and the Party and State leader have placed importance on cementing and promoting the friendship and connections with Viet Nam, he added.
Meanwhile, Party General Secretary and President Xi Jinping wished the CPV would successfully organise the 12th National Party Congress in early 2016 and expressed his belief that under the CPV's leadership, Vietnamese people will achieve the set targets in socialism-building and doi moi (Renewal) for a strong, democratic, equal and civilised country with wealthy people.
At the talks, the two sides underscored the importance of consistently consolidating the traditional friendship between the two Parties and countries, agreeing that the solidarity and amity built and nurtured by late Presidents Ho Chi Minh and Mao Zedong and other ex-leaders are the precious shared asset of the two Parties, States and peoples and need to be preserved and promoted.
Both shared the need to firmly follow the orientations for the Viet Nam-China friendship, maintain high-level exchanges, reinforce political trust, increase co-operation across the Party, National Assembly, Fatherland Front, ministries, sector and local channels, boost trade and investment in an efficient, fair and healthy manner. They also both seek to broaden scientific, technological, educational, cultural and tourism co-operation, coordinate to implement land border management documents effectively, and work together to well-manage and satisfactorily address sea disputes without any effects on the stable and wealthy development of the bilateral relations.
For his part, General Secretary Trong proposed orientations to deepen bilateral ties, including maintaining visits and meetings between high-ranking officials with a view to strengthening political trust and discussing measures to elevate co-operation and solve both existing and emerging problems.
He suggested implementing exchange and cooperation programmes and mechanisms; and fostering collaboration between the Vietnamese and Chinese parliaments and Fatherland Front agencies.
Viet Nam and China should bring into play the role of the steering committee for bilateral co-operation in coordinating and expanding scopes of co-operation; enhance affiliation in critical areas like diplomacy, defence and security; step up people-to-people exchanges, especially between their youth and intellectuals; and increase communication on the time-tested friendship between the nations, he noted.
He asked for Viet Nam and China to strengthen multifaceted co-operation in a substantive, balanced and effective fashion. Their leaders need to steer their respective countries' sectors at all levels to seriously carry out reached agreements and common perceptions while actively employing measures to expand fields of mutually beneficiary co-operation.
The Vietnamese leader urged both sides to take practical measures promoting the stable, balanced and sustainable development of bilateral trade while bringing into play the role of the working groups on infrastructure and monetary co-operation in boosting co-operation in related fields to achieve practical outcomes.
They should encourage co-operation projects within the "two corridors, one belt" framework, which seeks to boost economic integration between southern China with northern Vietnam. They should also have content in line with the "one belt, one road" initiative, which seeks to integrate the old Silk Road with sea trade routes to Southeast Asia, on the basis of respecting each nation's legitimate interests, equality and mutual benefits, he added.
He welcomed the Chinese Government's transfer of a US$300 million concessional loan for the construction of the Mong Cai-Van Don highway project and its provision of another $250 million preferential loan for the Cat Linh-Ha Dong urban railway project in Viet Nam.
The Party chief also appreciated China's decision to provide 1 billion yuan (US$158 million) in aid for Viet Nam over the next five years for the building of social welfare facilities like schools and hospitals.
The two sides need to continue facilitating efforts by their local communities, especially ones near their shared border, in realising the countries' three agreements regarding the land border and bolstering effective and substantive exchanges and co-operation.
Party General Secretary Trong also called on the two countries to manage well their differences and maintain peace and stability in the East Sea, not letting the issue affect bilateral ties.
He suggested the two sides work closely to control the situation at sea, respect each other's legitimate benefits, seriously recognise common perceptions and agreements reached by their high-ranking Party leaders, maintain the status quo, and avoid actions that complicate the situation and enlarge the dispute.
The host proposed China together with Viet Nam become the pioneers in implementing the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the East Sea (DOC) seriously and fully and soon finalise the Code of Conduct in the East Sea (COC).
He called on the two sides not to pursue militarisation in the East Sea and build and strengthen strategic trust for the favourable implementation of agreed co-operation projects at sea.
The Vietnamese Party chief urged the two countries to implement negotiation mechanisms designed for maritime-related issues in an effective and pragmatic manner while actively seeking fundamental and long-term measures for the matters acceptable to both.
|Both shared the need to firmly follow the orientations for the Viet Nam-China friendship, maintain high-level exchanges, reinforce political trust, increase co-operation across the Party, National Assembly, Fatherland Front, ministries, sector and local channels, boost trade and investment in an efficient, fair and healthy manner. — Photo VNA
Viet Nam has shown a constructive attitude towards co-operation for mutual development at disputed waters in line with international law, especially the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (1982 UNCLOS), he said.
On this occasion, he invited General Secretary and President Xi Jinping to attend the APEC Summit, scheduled to be held in Viet Nam in 2017, and welcomed other Chinese leaders to visit Viet Nam in the near future.
For his part, Party General Secretary and President Xi Jinping described friendship and co-operation as the mainstream of the ties between Viet Nam and China after saying the two shared common interests.
The Party and Government of China treasured the consolidation and development of the comprehensive strategic co-operative partnership with Viet Nam under the motto "friendly neighbours, comprehensive co-operation, long-term stability and future vision" and in the spirit of "good neighbours, good friends, good comrades and good partners".
The two sides should thoroughly grasp the sound development orientations of the Viet Nam-China relationship, he said.
The Chinese leader urged the two sides to increase political trust and step up dialogues and collaboration in foreign affairs, national defence and security and humanistic exchanges.
He also called for concerted efforts to boost win-win co-operation, mutual respect and friendly negotiations, put aside minor differences to seek common ground, and control disputes, thus bringing practical benefits to the two countries' peoples and contributing to peace, development and prosperity in the region.
The Chinese leader expressed his approval for major orientations and measures to promote the relations between the two Parties and States as proposed by Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong.
He said the two countries should actively study and connect development strategies and production capacity to contribute to fulfilling each side's development goals and boosting regional cooperation and connectivity.
China does not seek a trade surplus from Viet Nam and stands ready to propel a bilateral trade balance with its neighbour in an equal and sustainable manner, he promised.
China will encourage its businesses to forge trade cooperation and expand investments in Viet Nam while coordinating with the country to manage disputes at sea well and preserve the bilateral relationship as well as peace and stability in the East Sea, the guest noted.
The Chinese leader suggested the two sides tighten their coordination at multilateral mechanisms such as the UN, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Asia -Europe Meeting and China - the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
China and the ASEAN member countries will spare no effort to accelerate negotiations to build the COC, contributing to maintaining peace, prosperity and development in the region and the world at large.
China backs the formation of the ASEAN Community as well as Viet Nam's bid to host the APEC 2017, he affirmed.
General Secretary and President Xi accepted General Secretary Trong's invitation to attend the APEC 2017.
Following the talks, the two leaders witnessed the signing of a number of documents, including the plan on co-operation in training officials between the two Parties for 2016 to 2020, an agreement on free travel of ships at the mouth of the Bac Luan River and another on co-operation to protect and exploit tourism resources of the Ban Gioc Waterfall between the two Governments.
|Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung (right) receives President Xi Jinping. — VNA/VNS Photo Duc Tam
Yeterday, in his talks with China's Party General Secretary and President Xi, Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung said the two countries' ties had grown positively, supported by regular visits by senior leaders and the adoption of many important common perceptions on how to deepen relations between the two Parties and the two countries in a stable and durable manner.
Exchanges and affiliations between ministries, localities and people from all walks of life had been strengthened, meaningful activities were organised to celebrate the 65th anniversary of Viet Nam-China diplomatic ties, and economic ties and trade continued to reaping encouraging rewards, he noted.
PM Dung spoke highly of common perceptions that clarified ways to develop relations between the two Parties and countries reached by the two Party General Secretaries during their earlier talks.
The PM suggested speeding up result-oriented co-operation, furthering the role of the Viet Nam-China co-operation steering committee to reach existing agreements, and developing trade sustainably to help Viet Nam trade its deficit, boost official trade and manage border trade more efficiently.
He asked the Chinese side to make it easier Vietnamese commodities to be sold in China, especially agro-forestry and aquatic products, as well as the opening of more trade promotion offices, in China.
He said he hoped Chinese investment in Viet Nam would rise sharply in the near future, especially in large-scale projects that apply advanced technology, asking the Chinese side to accelerate project implementation in accordance with agreements.
The two sides should also encourage the expansion of exchanges and collaboration between localities and create better conditions for relations exchange, co-operation and economic development on their shared border by facilitating customs clearance for people, cargo and vehicle movements and working closely to prevent cross-border smuggling and the trade of counterfeit and low-quality goods.
With regard to sea-related issues, the PM emphasised that the two sides needed to implement agreements reached by their leaders, particularly the agreement on the basic principles guiding the settlement of sea-related issues by making the best use of the Government-level negotiation mechanism on Viet Nam–China border and territorial matters and using negotiations to seek fundamental and long-term solutions that were acceptable to both sides.
The countries should maintain peace and stability and control disagreements at sea, be sincere and straightforward in discussing and studying the issue of demilitarisation in the East Sea, safeguard security and safety of navigation and aviation in the waters, and ensure safety for fishing activities at sea, he added.
PM Dung also called on Viet Nam and China to negotiate the demarcation of and co-operate for joint development in the area off the mouth of the Tonkin Gulf while fully and effectively carrying out the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the East Sea and promoting result-oriented negotiations to build a Code of Conduct in the waters.
For his part, Party General Secretary and President Xi Jinping highlighted that his visit was intended to explore ways to intensify bilateral all-round co-operation.
He said that common perceptions and strategic visions put their relationship in a special position and that stable and healthy Chinese-Vietnamese relations met both countries and peoples' interests.
The Chinese leader suggested major orientations for bilateral ties, including fostering high-level meetings and strategic discussions, connecting economic development strategies, boosting production capacity and removing obstacles facing co-operation projects like the Thai Nguyen iron and steel factory and the Ninh Binh nitrogenous fertiliser factory.
He asked for intensified co-operation to solve the trade imbalance, reinforce monetary affiliation, and speed up trade liberalisation and bilateral investment.
They needed to control sea-related disputes soundly and maintain stability at sea through consultations, he noted, adding that China supported Viet Nam's greater role in regional and global processes, while urging for closer co-ordination at multilateral forums.
President Xi voiced his belief that with common goals and joint efforts, the Chinese-Vietnamese relations would flourish, ultimately benefiting the two peoples.
On the occasion of Party General Secretary and President Xi's visit to Viet Nam, a meeting for Vietnamese and Chinese patriots was held in Ha Noi yesterday.
Addressing the function, President of the Vietnam Union of Friendship Organisations Vu Xuan Hong said he hoped that the union, the Chinese People's Association of Friendship with Foreign Countries and other friendship organisations in Viet Nam and China would contribute more to elevating the two countries' relations.
The six-day 16th Viet Nam – China Youth Friendship Meeting, held in Lang Son, Quang Ninh and Ha Noi, also started on Wednesday, striving to boost exchanges between young people from both countries. — VNS