|A corner of Cai Mep International Terminal in southern Ba Ria - Vung Tau Province. NA deputies yesterday discussed a socio-economic development plan and the State's budget for the remainder of the year and next year. — VNA/VNS Photo Manh Duong
HA NOI (VNS) — National target programmes should be reshuffled and combined into two programmes, according to the Government.
One would focus on building new-style rural areas, and the other would promote sustainable poverty reduction.
In a report submitted to the 10th ongoing session of the 13th National Assembly in Ha Noi yesterday, the Government said the re-organisation will help prioritise resources for the most urgent issues and improve the investment's effectiveness.
Regarding the programmes on rural modernisation, the Government proposed it should focus on building essential infrastructure in villages; developing production as part of restructuring agriculture; increasing farmers' incomes, rural environment and hygiene; and ensuring social order and safety.
Equally important is developing education and heath care services in addition to promoting the role of political-social organisations in building new-style rural areas, the Government said.
In regard to the programmes on sustainable poverty reduction, the Government suggested it should support investment to build infrastructure in poor coastal, sea and island districts and in ethnic, mountainous and border areas, while diversifying local livelihoods and expanding community-based poverty reduction models.
The Government said it aims to support and enable people from households living under or near the poverty line, as well as ethnic minority groups, to work abroad.
This national target programme will prioritise investment resources for needy districts and communes.
The Government also said the allocation and utilisation of the State budget for the programmes must be controlled strictly with clearly defined responsibilities for different levels of authorities.
It is crucial to assign more authority and responsibility to local governments in selecting priority goals and deciding the allocation of investment, the Government said.
The involvement of individuals and organisations in the drives should also be enhanced, it added.
Between 2011 and 2015, the Government has implemented 16 national target programmes with a total approved budget of more than VND168 trillion (US$7.56 billion).
Nearly VND324 trillion ($14.58 billion) has been mobilised to carry out the programmes during this period.
As a result, the number of poor households in the country has fallen below 5 percent in 2015, a decrease from 14.2 percent in 2010 (an average decline of 2 percent per annum).
The percentage of rural families using hygienic water has increased from 80 percent to 86 percent.
The ratio of malnourished children fell to 14.5 percent from 17.5 percent. The mortality rate among children under five years old and under one year old is expected to decrease by 22.5 per thousand and 14.8 per thousand, respectively, in 2015.
An estimated 552,300 people were provided with jobs during the period as a result of the national target programme on employment.
Deputies also discussed a socio-economic development plan and the State's budget for the remainder of the year and next year.
They lauded the Government's effort in achieving a GDP growth rate of 6.5 per cent despite adverse effects from the global economy, but also pointed out numerous limitations and shortcomings that needed to be addressed regarding the organisation of the Government apparatus, human resources, productivity and economic policies.
Deputies Nguyen Dinh Quyen and Chu Son Ha from Ha Noi voiced their concerns over the country's macro economy, especially the issue of public debt and budget balance.
Deputies stressed the need to improve the country's management and exploitation of its natural resources to discourage localities from trying to attain high growth at the expense of the natural environment.
Regarding the State budget planning activities, deputies suggested that those who were responsible for budget planning should be held accountable for any errors. Deputies said recent projects to upgrade and repair the National Route 1A and the Ho Chi Minh Highway were approved with a larger budget than what was required, resulting in waste and increased public debt.
Deputy Nguyen Dinh Quyen from Ha Noi said the quality of Government officials still left much to be desired and urged the Government to produce a comprehensive and candid report on the competency of the country's officials.
Vice President Nguyen Thi Doan advocated for the applications of science and technological advancements, as well as more investment in technical training and science development in order to improve the Vietnamese workforce's productivity, especially with the ASEAN Economic Community forming at the end of the year with Viet Nam as a member. — VNS