|Hai Phong port - an important hub for foreign trade in the North. Several deputies feel that there is no need to establish a management board for the operation of seaports. — VNA/VNS Photo Lam Khanh
HA NOI (VNS) — In yesterday's discussions on amendments to the Maritime Code, National Assembly deputies called for concrete regulations on the dismantling of unused ships in Viet Nam to prevent the import of waste that would cause severe environmental damage.
On articles 38, 39 and 40 of the code, which deal with building, repairing and dismantling maritime vessels, many NA deputies said the Government or Prime Minister should approve master plans for the development of this industry, rather than Transport Ministry.
Dang Dinh Luyen of Khanh Hoa Province said supplementary regulations on building and repairing ships included in the amendments were significant, creating a legal framework that would enhance the efficiency of these activities.
"However, the amendments should not include regulations on the dismantlement of vessels as it would enable enterprises to import old and rotten vessels for dismantling in the country, causing environmental pollution," said Luyen.
"This is a serious matter. The dismantling of old and rotten vessels would produce a large amount of waste that is currently prohibited in many countries," the deputy pointed out.
"If these regulations are sill included in the law, Article 12 should be supplemented with provisions that ban the import of old and rotten ships for dismantling in Viet Nam. This should be strictly enforced to protect the ecological environment."
Than Duc Nam of Da Nang agreed with the supplementary regulations on the building, repairing and dismantling of sea vessels. However, said this activity must be in line with provisions of the Law on Environment Protection and the Investment Law, he said.
"Regulations should be added regarding working conditions at establishments involved in the dismantling of old vessels in order to facilitate the development of Viet Nam's fleet in quality and quantity and to prevent the import of waste that would damages the country's environment and economy," he added.
Several deputies felt that there was no need to establish a management board for the operation seaports.
"If a management board is set up, its functions and duties would overlap those of the Maritime Department and People's Committees in localities that accommodate the seaports," said deputy Luyen.
"It would create a cumbersome system cumbersome not suited to national needs," he added.
Nguyen Duc Kien of Soc Trang Province also disagreed with the need for a management board for seaports, citing the Cai Mep –Thi Vai Port as an example.
"Currently, there are six investors in the port, and if a management board is set up, it would surely add administrative procedures. The NA should reconsider this regulation.
"In a market-oriented economy, it is necessary to respect the ‘market' factor and limit administrative intervention."
Chu Son Ha of Ha Noi said that to create conditions for the country's maritime sector to develop, it was essential that the legal framework be strengthened and organizational changes made to enhance State management.
He suggested that the Viet Nam Maritime Administration, which assists the Transport Ministry in maritime management, be upgraded to the Viet Nam National Maritime Administration with additional functions.
Yesterday, an overwhelming majority of National Assembly deputies passed a resolution allowing labourers to continue enjoying a one-off insurance payment.
More than 80 per cent of the 446 eligible ballots agreed that employees who had stopped working for a year or those who had paid voluntary social-insurance premiums but stopped paying the premiums after a year, were entitled to lump-sum social insurance.
Also, labourers can choose the time they pay their social-insurance premiums.
This means that as from next January 1, both Article 60 of the 2014 Social Insurance Law and Article 55 of the 2006 Law on Social Insurance will apply.
The move satisfies the expectations of NA deputies who called for the NA to issue a resolution on Article 60 to allow labourers to enjoy a one-off lump sump or reserve it.
The resolution defines the level of one-off social insurance payments for those who pay compulsory and voluntary social insurance premiums. — VNS