TEHRAN — Viet Nam fully supported initiatives aimed at strengthening global governance as underlined by the theme of the 16th Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Summit, said Foreign Minister Pham Binh Minh at the meeting's closing session in Tehran yesterday.
He said the summit, themed "Lasting peace through joint global governance" was imperative to consolidate processes and mechanisms promoting concerted efforts at national, regional and global levels.
Minh also hailed the international community for making concerted efforts in dealing with numerous challenges, but he emphasised today's world remained highly complex.
The efforts had been reflected in increased recourse to multilateralism and the promotion of the settlement of disputes through peaceful means and the rule of law, with a new impetus given to promoting sustainable development and dealing with the negative impacts of climate change.
Minh also shared concerns about existing complexities, for example wars and conflicts, which in some cases had been associated with infringements on the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of NAM member countries.
Along with them were impacts of the global economic downturn since 2008 and aspects of globalisation "Viet Nam shares the view of other NAM member countries, as contained in the Draft Final Document, that the present global scenario largely derives from the continuing unequal terms of trade, lack of co-operation from developed countries, coercive and unilateral measures imposed by some of them and the use of force or threat of use of force," Minh said.
"The promotion of international peace and security continues to be the priority area of work for our movement. More than ever, it requires the upholding of the Bandung Principles, especially those of respect of national independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity; non-intervention in the internal affairs of States; non-use or threat of use of force; and peaceful settlement of disputes," he said.
As a State Party to the 1976 Treaty of Amity and Co-operation in Southeast Asia and the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, Minh said Viet Nam was firmly committed to the peaceful settlement of sovereignty and territorial disputes in accordance with international law.
"We reiterate our principled positions on the importance of the maintenance of peace and stability, and peaceful settlement of disputes in the Eastern Sea (also known as the East Sea), and call for full implementation of the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the East Sea (DOC), the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and early agreement on the Code of Conduct in East Sea," he said.
Minh also said Viet Nam shared NAM's concern over the escalation of tension and violence in many regions, particularly in the Middle East and North Africa, and supported NAM's efforts to shape a comprehensive United Nations energy agenda. Part of it was to create an effective mechanism to transfer advanced energy technologies to developing countries with the aim of achieving MDGs and dealing effectively with the challenges of climate change.
"To effectively advance this and other objectives, NAM needs to continue its contribution to the strengthening of all forms of partnership for development," Minh said, adding that they were North-South, South-South and tripartite co-operation.
He also told the summit that Viet Nam had recorded immense achievements in many areas after 25 years of renewal, yet was confronted with the current global economic turbulences, climate change, epidemics and food and energy insecurity.
Thanks to synchronous and bold measures to restructure the economy with a view to enhancing macro-economic stability and growth quality, the macroeconomic situation has been largely improved, high inflation curbed and economic growth maintained.
The summit, which convened with 29 heads of states and governments, passed the Final Document, which reflects major viewpoints and orientations of NAM on all areas of security, politics, economics, society, human rights and international and regional issues. — VNS