KIEN GIANG — The Vietnamese and Cambodian Government leaders yesterday chaired a ceremony inaugurating marker 314, the last one in numerical order on the countries' land border.
|Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung (left) and Cambodian PM Hun Sen inaugurate landmark 314 on the border line between Viet Nam and Cambodia.—VNA/VNS Photo Duc Tam
The marker is between My Duc commune, Ha Tien town, in the southern province of Kien Giang, and Russey Srok Khang Lech commune, Kampong Trach district, in the Cambodian province of Kampot.
This is the second time Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung and his Cambodian counterpart, Hun Sen, have attended the inauguration of land border markers. They showed the resolve and efforts by both governments in implementing treaties, agreements and deals on border and territorial work, helping the two sides complete all work on border demarcation and marker planting.
Dung stressed the event marked a joint success of the two nations in building a borderline of peace, friendship and co-operation for development. It satisfied fundamental interest and desire of both peoples as well as created a new momentum dynamic for the two countries to early fulfil all work on land border demarcation and marker planting, he said.
The inauguration also facilitated the exchange and economic co-operation as well as created stability for people in Kien Giang and Kampot provinces in particular and contributed to promoting friendship and comprehensive co-operation between the two countries' border provinces in general.
Hun Sen said the inauguration of marker 314 was a significant event. It satisfied both nations' desires in building a borderline of peace, stability, co-operation and development as well as contributed to promoting co-operation among countries in the Mekong sub-region and in Southeast Asia.
He described recent achievements in border demarcation and marker planting work as a new chapter in the history of the two countries' relations.
Viet Nam and Cambodia have to date installed 287 border markers and completed demarcation on about 653km of borderline, meeting 76 per cent and 51 per cent of the total work, respectively.
Meanwhile, a meeting was held in Ha Noi yesterday to mark the 45th anniversary of Viet Nam-Cambodia diplomatic ties.
Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc said at the event that over the past 45 years, both peoples had stood side by side and assisted each other in resistance wars against imperialism for national independence and recently in the cause of national construction.
The Vietnamese and Cambodian peoples had embedded in their minds the Cambodian Revolution's resounding victory on January 7, 1979, over the genocidal Pol Pot regime, a victory that had helped Cambodia escape from the catastrophe of destruction and revive the country, Phuc said.
Phuc said the two countries' relations have turned to a new development step. With the aim of building a "good neighbourliness, traditional friendship, comprehensive co-operation and long-lasting stability", ties between the two countries had been unceasingly consolidated and developed in all fields, bringing practical benefits to the two peoples and making positive contributions to peace, stability and co-operation in the region.
On behalf of the Cambodian government delegation, Council of Ministers Secretary of State Sim Vanna stressed there had been fine, long-lasting relations between the two countries even before the official establishment of diplomatic ties.
They were nourishing the sound solidarity, traditional friendship and co-operation, he said.
Sim Vanna expressed his profound thanks to Vietnamese volunteer soldiers for their valuable assistance while standing side by side with the Cambodian Solidarity Front for National Salvation in the struggle against the genocidal Khmer Rouge as well as to the Vietnamese people for their support for Cambodia 's socio-economic development.
He said he believed the close friendship and good neighbourliness and mutual respect between the two countries would be further consolidated and strongly developed, thus serving the two nations' interests as well as maintaining peace, stability and prosperity.
The third Viet Nam-Cambodia investment co-operation conference was also held in Kien Giang under the joint chairmanship of Prime Minister Dung and his Cambodian counterpart, Hun Sen.
Dung said the Vietnamese Government has taken measures to facilitate operations of businesses in Cambodia. Viet Nam wanted the Cambodian Government and ministries to create further conditions for Vietnamese firms investing and operating in Cambodia, he said.
Dung suggested both sides continue to maintain regular dialogue mechanisms between the two governments' agencies in order to ease difficulties and remove obstacles for their businesses. It would also tend to increase investment and business activities, alongside accelerating investment promotion to help firms seek partners and expand business.
For his part, Hun Sen stressed the significance of the conference, saying he hoped it would contribute to new opportunities in increasing and expanding economic-trade co-operation between the two countries.
The leaders witnessed the signing of a protocol to amend and supplement the 2001 Agreement on Investment Encouragement and Protection between Viet Nam and Cambodia, creating a new legal basis for stepping up co-operation and investment between the two countries.
Years of friendship
Viet Nam and Cambodia have a long-standing friendship, especially since they established their diplomatic ties in 1967.
Relations between them entered a new period after the 1991 Paris Peace Accord and the 1993 General Elections in Cambodia.
The two countries have maintained regular exchanges of high-level and local visits, showing their resolve to work closely together to cement their bilateral relationship, which they both consider an important element behind the success of each country's national construction and defence.
Reciprocal high-level visits, especially the Viet Nam visit by King Norodom Sihamoni in June 2010, and the Cambodia visits by the President Nguyen Minh Triet in August 2010 and Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong in December 2011 were significant, bringing bilateral relations to a new level and tightening the fine neighbourliness, solidarity, friendship and comprehensive co-operation between the two nations.
On that occasion, the two countries' senior leaders agreed to name 2012 as Viet Nam-Cambodia Friendship Year.
Two-way trade increased sharply from just US$130-150 million a year between 1997 and 1999 to $1.2 billion in 2007, $1.6 billion in 2008 and $2.8 billion in 2011. Both countries are targeting to raise their annual trade value to $5 billion in the next five years. Currently, Viet Nam has more than 100 investment projects operating in Cambodia with a total capital of more than $2.2 billion. These projects focus on telecommunications, banking, energy, rubber planting, and agricultural product processing. — VNS