The Party Central Committee has recently made public a draft of the political report to be presented in the coming 12th National Party Congress, which is scheduled for early next year.
Viet Nam News would like to present to our readers some of the comments on the report from people from different walks of life.
Regarding the Party's guidelines and State's policies and laws on further completing Viet Nam's adaption of a market economy embedded with socialist values, Vuong Dinh Hue, Party Central Committee member and Head of the Party Central Commission for Economic Affairs spoke highly of what has been achieved in the past nearly 30 years, and that it has laid down a firm foundation for the socialist oriented market economy.
He said the Communist Party of Viet Nam, in pursuing a socialist oriented market economic model, gradually formulated a set of targets, principles and rules necessary to realise that model.
In the process of building the socialist oriented market economic institutions, the investment and business environment has been improved with market subjects being allowed to compete against each other on a more level playing field. Viet Nam has better mobilised domestic and international resources and created more jobs. A number of markets and market elements have been established, facilitating regional and international integration. Most commodities prices are now decided by the supply and demand mechanism even though state control is still applied to several essential commodities.
At present, Viet Nam has been an active member in building an ASEAN Community and it has signed and will sign many more new generations of bilateral and multilateral free trade agreements with foreign countries.
However, some weaknesses and limitations have been exposed. For example, our legal system and policies have not been completed and synchronised with the requirements of a market economy. The right to do business freely has not been fully respected while the business environment has not ensured fair competition. It is high time for Viet Nam to transform its growth model and restructure its economy.
With lessons learned from the past 30 years, Hue suggested that the draft political document should focus more on the areas that will enable the country to complete its institutions towards a socialist oriented market economy with the participation of all economic sectors as it is written in the 2013 Constitution.
He emphasised the need to institutionalise state, organisational and private ownership and to improve the efficiency of state run enterprises by accelerating equitisation.
He expressed his hope that under the sound leadership of the Party, the State's socio-economic management will be raised to a high level and the people's role as masters in socio-economic development will further be enhanced.
He said in the years to come, it's a very important task of the State to stabilise the macro economy and establish an effective legal framework, including policies and state apparatus to enable the national economy to operate soundly and effectively.
Do Duy Thuong, a member of the Viet Nam Fatherland Front highlighted the role of the great national unity.
He said "the great national unity should take the objectives of building Viet Nam into a peaceful, united, independent and territorial sovereign nation for the people's prosperity and a mighty nation with democracy, fairness and civilisation."
He said State power, first of all, must belong to the people, so all policies and guidelines of the Party and Government should stem from the people's interests, aspirations and will.
"This is clearly written in the 2013 Constitution," he emphasised.
To turn this into a reality he called on Party Committees and Administrations at all levels to conduct regular dialogues with the people and listen to their opinions and aspirations.
He said the idea of a people's direct democracy and democratic representative should be reflected in the Party's official document.
He said the practice of democracy within the party is the core and nucleus to enhance the practice of democracy in the society at large.
Under the 2013 Constitution, Viet Nam Fatherland Front has the right to take part in the work of party building and in national construction. The Fatherland Front also has the right to supervise activities of the Party and Government and act as an agency to give counter-arguments to the Party and Government's policies.
Dr. Pham Huy Thong, a lecturer at the National University of Science, Society and Humanity said the draft document this time contains many new ideas, particularly the issue of the great national unity.
"Great national unity has been given special attention in the document of which the role of the Viet Nam Fatherland Front has been specially treated. The document considers the Front as an organisation successfully gathering all Vietnamese people, including religious people and nationalities in the society under its roof."
He spoke highly of the idea that "the State will continue to further complete its religious policies and enhance fine cultural values and the morality of all religions."
Education, training, culture and students' lifestyles are highlighted in the draft political document.
Teacher Nguyen Thi Lan, from Quynh Loi Primary School, Hai Ba Trung District, Ha Noi expressed her wish that the document should give further detail of educational reform by focusing more on students' comprehensive development.
"Education development and training must go hand in hand with socio-economic development, with national building and defence as well as the latest advancements of world science and technology," Lan said.
Nguyen Tien Hung, deputy secretary of the Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union, from the National Banking Academy expressed his wish that the document would focus more on cultural development for pupils and students.
He argued that they are the future masters of the nation.
He added "they are also the people who are likely instigated by the enemy." That's why the party should pay special attention to train them ideologically.
"They are the future of the Vietnamese nation," Hung added.
Ngo Thu Trang, a law graduate student in the recent school year 2015 suggested that the government should spend at least 20 per cent of the total State spending budget on education. She asked the drafting committee to consider her proposal. — VNS