Better risk management has helped reduce tax collection losses, Quach Dang Hoa of the General Department of Customs (GDC) tells the Thoi bao Tai chinh Viet Nam (Viet Nam Financial Times).
It is said 2013 was a year of success for risk management activities of the GDC. In your opinion, what were the factors contributing to that success?
2013 was defined as the foundation for the building and developing of the risk management activities for the customs sector.
Reviewing activities that were completed during the year, I would like to mention the compiling and completion of legal documents guiding activities relating to risk management and the three-year proposal to improve the risk management activities of the GDC in the 2013-15 period and the vision 2020.
In addition, I should say, good risk management has greatly contributed to minimising the loss in tax collection. In 2013, my unit compiled a list of enterprises which were of high risk of tax evasion to cause an alarm to local customs offices to pay attention to. We also compiled a black list of enterprises that have committed violations on customs declarations to avoid paying tax.
Other activity worthy of mentioning was our monitoring activities of enterprises which had declared themselves dissolved or temporarily stopped production while setting an alarm criteria to warn enterprises of committing fraudulence during their customs declarations.
This is a very effective measure to avoid tax evasion.
As you have mentioned good risk management is very important activity in modern customs performance. Will you please further elaborate on that?
In the past, risk management was mainly done in customs declaration lines - red, green and yellow lines. But nowadays, risk management activities are much more diverse, including inspection activities, supervision missions, tax management and others.
In short, risk management can be approached in two perspectives.
First, it is conducted based on the principle of risk management, including the developing of legal documents, customs policies and procedures as well as co-ordination with other agencies.
Second, risk management is a professional duty encompassing main activities as information collection and analysis; developing a data base and applying high tech in risk management.
By now I can say the ongoing risk management activities conducted by the GDC have been on the right track and in line with international customs standards.
What are the objectives of the customs risk management for 2014?
We have adopted four objectives for 2014.
First, to make sure the Viet Nam Automated Cargo Clearance System (VNACCS) will be put into use in April according to the plan.
Second, to do our best to enable import - export activities to take place smoothly and minimise the loss in tax evasion, trade fraudulence and smuggling.
Third, to monitor closely the law enforcement of enterprises in their import - export activities, particularly the Law on Tax Management and Law on Customs.
And finally, to develop a comprehensive force in risk management along the line of high efficiency and professional. — VNS