Employment Department Deputy head Nguyen Thi Hai Van spoke with Thoi bao Kinh te Viet Nam (Vietnam Economic Times) about the employment market's prospects for 2013.
What are the positive signs for the labour market in 2013?
The labour market this year is seething, particularly in the southern provinces of Dong Nai, Binh Duong and HCM City. Labour demand there is very high and it has been basically met.
However, the expertise of our workers is just average. This is a major hurdle for our work force in technological applications.
In your opinion, what trade jobs are easy to find this year?
According to a survey on the labour market, there are plenty of jobs in wood processing, construction, textiles and garments, food processing, retails, IT and electronics. There is also a high demand for workers with high skills in sectors such as civil, construction and manufacturing engineering.
It is a paradox that many enterprises are in need of workers, yet they cannot recruit them, while many people with expertise remain unemployed.
What is the reason for this?
The reason is very simple. Enterprises and job seekers often do not match up. For the workers, many have high skills, yet their knowledge of a foreign language and Information Technology is poor.
These are the impediments for them to work in foreign invested enterprises or high payment jobs. In addition, many Vietnamese workers don't want to work in a production chain for eight hours a day. For them, it is just too tiring.
Another reason is poor matching between supply and demand and between skill training centres and employers. Regarding enterprises, I have to concede that their recruitment needs are often inflated in advertisements.
Job mediators and job transaction floors should also be blamed for failing to match supply and demand in the labour market. Although there are many job transaction floors nation-wide, only small enterprises show any interest while the big ones turn away. In their minds, only low skill workers can be found in job transaction places.
People have said that some employment centres are swindlers, do you agree?
No, I don't think so. Employment centres have helped us to reduce the number of swindlers, particularly in localities with less labour-market development.
As far as I know, the ministry of labour is now in charge of 63 employment centres in 63 cities and provinces. In addition, there are about 60 centres run by various organisations and unions.
So all in all, Viet Nam now has 130 employment centres. They are reliable addresses for the job seekers. And, further more, their services are free of charge.
Job transaction floors are good places for job seekers and employers to meet and to share their needs. — VNS