Vice President of the Viet Nam Urban Development Planning Association Luu Duc Hai spoke to The Gioi&Viet Nam (World and Viet Nam) newspaper about planning and construction in Viet Nam.
What have been some of the problems facing urban development in recent years?
First, only three residential areas were recognised as Type 5 (the lowest grade) urban developments last year.
Meanwhile, according to Government estimates, there must be an average of 23 new urban areas set up each year.
Such a scale of urbanisation has failed to meet expectations however.
During 2012-15 local authorities will have to pay better attention to strengthen the development process in their localities, especially in rural residential areas.
Second, only five urban areas were upgraded last year.
It normally takes an urban area 15 to 30 years to grow infrastructure following its planning stage.
Thus, it will take some time for the additional 750 urban areas to develop sufficiently.
Ha Noi is set to develop as a central hub surrounded by five satellite cites. In your opinion, what are the essential elements to achieving success?
After the overall project is approved, sub-region planning will be implemented according to the Law on Urban Planning, which came into effect in January 1, 2010.
While the city makes every effort in speeding up the process, efficient planning needs time to avoid mistakes resulting from overload.
Sufficient capital is also integral to smooth progress.
What are the biggest problems in urban infrastructure design?
The biggest headache is traffic congestion. School and working times were adjusted recently in an effort to iron out the situation.
However, this measure only served to extend the rush hour.
I think tightened roadway and pavement use management might be the answer.
While it costs a lot of money to clear land for road construction, it is relatively cheap to build parking lots, which also save space.
Roadways and pavements are often used for parking, causing a lot of trouble.
A car parked on the street can block up to 1500-2000 vehicles per hour while illegally parked motorbikes hinder pedestrians.
I think the number one solution is to focus on eliminating the problem of illegal and obstructive parking. — VNS