Nguyen Dai Dong, from the labour ministry, spoke to Thoi bao Kinh te Viet Nam (Viet Nam Economic Times) about reverse migration.
What do you think about Viet Nam's labour market this year?
Unemployment will remain a problem, especially in rural areas. It is estimated that labour demand in the agriculture-forestry-aqua culture sector will reduce by about 500,000-600,000. The unemployment rate may even rise as 1.6 million people enter working age this year. Moreover, since agricultural land is shrinking and investment stays low, job creation in rural areas has yet to meet demand.
The phenomenon of "reverse migration" will be an additional hurdle to which enterprises need to pay attention.
We plan to create jobs for 1.6 million people, including over 90,000 guest workers, to reduce the unemployment rate in urban areas to 4.3 per cent, heighten the proportion of labour in industry and services to 23 per cent and 31 per cent and offer job training to 1.9 million people (2.8 per cent higher than last year).
How can "reserve migration" affect enterprises?
The phenomenon of "reserve migration" is a positive and indispensable trend in the labour market. More than 10 years ago, industrial zones were developed in HCM City and Ha Noi, luring workers from northern provinces such as Cao Bang and Bac Giang as well as the north central provinces of Thanh Hoa, Nghe An and the south. However, in the last few years, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh and Vinh Phuc provinces are luring workers back from big cities, affecting businesses as many quit their jobs. To counteract the trend, the Employment Department is working with enterprises to train skilled workers.
Regarding the warning, how can more jobs be added to the market?
First, it is necessary to keep offering incentives related to finance, tax, job training and administrative reform to stabilise and then improve production across all economic sectors.
Secondly, thanks to the implementation of a project to support labour market development during 2012-15, conditions on the domestic labour market are expected to improve. Improving the effectiveness of job placement centres and the quality of labour demand forecasting and information alongside strengthening the State's role in overseeing and adjusting labour demand-supply coupled with diversifying job transaction activities remain paramount.
Thirdly, we will offer and monitor low-interest loans for job creation. — VNS