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September 18 in History

Update: September, 18/2012 - 09:06

 

1544

Sweden's King Gustavus I forms alliance with France to counter Denmark's alliance with the Holy Roman Empire.

1739

Peace of Belgrade is signed by Holy Roman Emperor and Turkey, whereby Austria cedes Orsova, Belgrade and Serbia to Turkey.

1759

The French formally surrender Quebec to the British.

1819

Birth of Jean Bernard Leon Foucault (died 1868), French physicist. He invented a pendulum which visually demonstrated the rotation of the earth, later to become the gyroscope.

1851

The New York Times, founded by Henry Jarvis Raymond, is published for the first time.

1931

Japan begins the siege of Mukden, using bomber seaplanes, and occupies other strategic points in Manchuria, an act of aggression that marked the beginning of the Sino-Japanese war.

1964

The US Government stages a new "Bac Bo (Tonkin) Gulf incident", looking for a pretext to extend war against North Viet Nam. The same day, the Democratic Republic of Viet Nam's Foreign Ministry sends a message to the co-chairmen of the 1954 Geneva Conference on Indochina and the Geneva powers, denouncing this fabrication of the US Government aimed at perpetrating a new act of war.

1973

East Germany, West Germany and the Bahamas are admitted to the United Nations.

1981

The French parliament decides to abolish capital punishment and the guillotine.

1982

Lebanese Christian militias end a bloody massacre in the Palestinian refugee camps of Sabra and Chatila in Beirut which kill at least 800.

1990

The United States and the Soviet Union sign a co-operation agreement covering nuclear waste and environmental restoration. — AP/REUTERS

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