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September 14 in History

Update: September, 14/2012 - 09:18

 

1812

Napoleon enters Moscow in his disastrous invasion of Russia. The city was set on fire by the retreating Russians and burned until September 19, destroying much of the capital.

1814

Francis Scott Key, witnessing the British bombardment of Fort McHenry, writes the words which eventually became The Star-Spangled Banner. It became the US national anthem in 1931.

1852

Death of The Duke of Wellington (Arthur Wellesley). Noted as a military commander, his biggest achievement was the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. He was British prime minister from 1828-30.

1924

Workers of a large yarn factory in Nam Dinh, a city south of Ha Noi, launch a three-day strike demanding better wages and a shorter working day. The strike sparked off a nationwide workers' movement against exploitation by the French.

1930

Adolph Hitler's National Socialist (Nazi) Party becomes the second largest party in the German Reichstag.

1939

Although experiments with hovering aircraft had been going on since 1900, the first successful helicopter, Igo Sikorsky's VS-300, makes its first flight.

1946

President Ho Chi Minh signs with the French Government a modus vivendi in order to gain time to make preparations for armed resistance to French attempts to return to Viet Nam.

1972

US Senate approves US-Soviet agreement to freeze a major part of their offensive nuclear arsenals for five years.

1993

Israel and Jordan sign an "agenda for peace" in Washington, DC. One day after Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organisation signed their interim accord for Palestinian self-rule.

1996

Bosnia holds its first post-war election.

2001

US Congress adopts a joint resolution authorising the use of force against terrorists.

2008

A passenger jet travelling from Moscow to the Ural Mountains city of Perm crashed near residential buildings, killing all 88 people aboard. — AP/REUTERS

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