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August 28 in History

Update: August, 28/2012 - 08:49

 

1749

Birth of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (died 1832), German poet, dramatist, novelist and scientist. His famed works include The Sorrows of Young Werther, Wilhelm Meister and Faust.

1818

Birth of first Russian writer of the 19th century to become recognised in the West, Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev. His novels, poems and plays are charact-erised by elegant craftsmanship, lucidity and a liberal, balanced point of view. Fathers and Sons is a masterpiece.

1828

Birth of Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy (died 1910), Russian author and philosopher. In his great novels, War and Peace and Anna Karenina, he displayed the richness of detail and psychological acumen that pervaded all his work.

1833

The British Parliament bans slavery throughout the British Empire.

1875

France opens its first consulate in Ha Noi, Viet Nam.

1895

Death of French microbiologist and chemist Louis Pasteur (born 1822). Founder of modern microbiology, he discovered that micro-organisms in the air were responsible for fermentation in beer and milk. In investigating ways of excluding these organisms, he developed the process of pasteurisation.

1945

From August 28-31, President Ho Chi Minh writes the Declaration of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Viet Nam at 48 Hang Ngang Street, Ha Noi. He read the declaration at a mammoth rally at Ba Dinh Square on September 2.

1963

Dr Martin Luther King delivers his "I have a dream" speech to 200,000 civil rights demonstrators in Washington. — REUTERS/AP

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