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August 27 in History

Update: August, 27/2012 - 08:46

 

1825

The world's first public railway to use steam locomotives is inaugurated when the George Stephenson-built Active pulls a train along the track on the Stockton and Darlington Railway in north-east England.

1891

Death of Ivan Aleksandrovich Goncharov, Russian novelist and travel writer. His Oblomov is regarded as one of the most important Russian novels.

1938

The British ocean liner Queen Elizabeth, then the largest passenger ship ever built, is launched at Clydebank in Scotland.

1940

The Tripartite Pact between Germany, Italy and Japan, a 10-year military and economic agreement strengthening the Axis alliance, is signed in Berlin.

1959

A typhoon batters the Japanese island of Honshu, killing almost 5,000 people.

1970

Jordan's King Hussein and Yasser Arafat, leader of the Palestine Liberation Organisation, sign an agreement in Cairo to end Jordan's civil war.

1976

The Socialist Republic of Viet Nam becomes an official member of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

1989

The Vietnamese Government sets up the National Committee for Literacy, targeting illiteracy in adults and popularising primary education for children.

1998

Gerhard Schroeder ousts Helmut Kohl in a landmark German election and vows to battle mass unemployment, the issue that brought down the veteran chancellor.

2000

Fire in Moscow spreads for 26 hours through a television tower that is the world's second-tallest freestanding structure, killing three people.

2004

Armed with knives, Eritrean deportees hijacked a plane that left Libya carrying about 80 fellow Eritreans and forced it to land in the Sudanese capital before surrendering to security forces.

2008

Iraq calls on companies to submit designs to build a giant Ferris wheel in Baghdad — the latest in a string of lavish proposals painting the capital as a leisure friendly city.

2009

Fighting reportedly breaks out between an ethnic militia and government security forces in northeastern Myanmar, breaching a two-decade cease-fire.

2010

Cuba issues a pair of surprising free-market decrees, allowing foreign investors to lease government land for up to 99 years potentially touching off a golf-course building boom and loosening state controls on commerce to let islanders grow and sell their own fruit and vegetables.

2011

US and Pakistani officials say that al-Qaeda's second-in-command, Atiyah Abd al-Rahman, has been killed in Pakistan, delivering another big blow to a terrorist group that the US believes to be on the verge of defeat. — AP/REUTERS

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