Monday, March 19 2018


July 28 in History

Update: July, 28/2012 - 10:04



Death of Italian composer Antonio Vivaldi. He is best known for his concerto for violin and orchestra The Four Seasons.


Death of Johann Sebastian Bach, German composer and organist. Composer of St Matthew Passion and Brandenburg Concertos, his output covered every musical genre with innovations in format, quality and technical demands.


Peru declares itself independent of Spain.


The first use of fingerprints as a means of identification is made by William Herschel of the Indian Civil Service at Jungipur in India. He took the print of Rajyadhar Konai on the back of a contract.


The 14th amendment to the US constitution is ratified, granting citizenship to US blacks.


Birth of Alberto Fujimori, president of Peru since 1990. On this day in 1990 he was sworn in as Peru's first president of Japanese origin.


Establishment of the Red Workers' General Union in northern Viet Nam, then called Tonkin. It was the predecessor of the present-day Viet Nam General Confederation of Labour.


Death of Tran Huy Lieu (born 1901), Vietnamese revolutionary, writer and historian. He was director of the History Institute and deputy chairman of the Committee for Social Sciences.


An earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale completely destroys the city of Tangshan in China; it causes the highest quake death toll in modern times – at least 242,000 dead and 164,000 injured.


Death of Nguyen Tuan (born 1910), pen name Nguyen An Ngu Tuyen, Vietnamese writer. He was General Secretary of the Viet Nam Association of Literature and Arts.


Viet Nam officially joins the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).


After weeks of mass pro-democracy demonstrations, Iranian President Mohammed Khatami makes his first public appearance, pledging to continue a reformist agenda. Hard-liners oppose his programme for greater political and social rights and attempt to retake control.


Alejandro Toledo of the centrist Peru Possible Party is sworn in as president of Peru. Peru's former spy chief, Vladimir Montesinos, tells the ex-wife of former President Alberto Fujimori that the autocratic leader ordered her to be killed.


US cyclist Lance Armstrong wins the 89th Tour de France, the most prestigious race in cycling, for the fourth year in a row. Only four other riders had won the Tour de France more times than Armstrong.


The Irish Republican Army announces it is renouncing violence as a political weapon and pledges to resume disarmament – a potential breakthrough after years of deadlock.


The Liberian government lifts a self-imposed moratorium on the mining, sale and export of diamonds that had been in place for six years, since the stones came under UN sanctions when ex-President Charles Taylor's government was accused of using revenues to fuel war in neighboring Sierra Leone.


Suicide bombers strike a Shiite Muslim pilgrimage in Baghdad and a Kurdish protest rally in northern Iraq, killing at least 57 people and wounding nearly 300.


Lawmakers in the region of Catalonia thrust a sword deep into Spain's centuries-old tradition of bullfighting, banning the blood-soaked pageant that has fascinated artists and writers from Goya to Hemingway. — REUTERS/AP/VNS

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