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July 18 in History

Update: July, 18/2012 - 08:56

 

1610

Death of Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, one of the greatest Italian painters.

1811

William Makepeace Thackeray, English novelist and poet, author of the Vanity Fair, is born in India. He died in 1863.

1817

Death of Jane Austen, English novelist who wrote Sense and Sensibility and Pride and Prejudice.

1870

The Vatican Council declares the Dogma of Papal Infallibility in matters of morals and faith.

1872

Death of Benito Pablo Juarez, national hero of Mexico and three times president.

1918

Birth of South African nationalist leader Nelson Mandela. Leader of the African National Council (ANC), he was imprisoned from 1962-90, then led the ANC to election victory in 1994 and was the country's president until 1999.

1923

The British Matrimonial Causes Act gives women equality in divorce suits.

1936

The Spanish Civil War begins in the early hours of the morning with a revolt at Melilla in Spanish Morocco.

1955

Representatives of the Democratic Republic of Viet Nam and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics sign the first commercial treaty between the two countries.

1971

Six Trucial States, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Umm al-Quwain, Ajman and Fujeirah, decide to form the Union of Arab Emirates.

1993

Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif resigns and dissolves parliament, leading to general elections.

1997

US astronomer Eugene Shoemaker, dies at 69 in a car crash in outback Australia. He helped to discover the giant Shoemaker-Levy 9 comet which slammed into the planet Jupiter in 1994.

2006

Nearly 300 striking doctors in Zimbabwe ignore government demands for them to return to hospital wards, deepening a crisis in the African nation's health system which has seen qualified staff fleeing the country in droves for jobs that pay up to six times more abroad.

2010

Pakistan and Afghanistan seal a landmark trade deal as US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton pushes the two neighbours to step up civilian cooperation and work together against al-Qaeda and the Taliban. — REUTERS/AP

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