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April 21 in History

Update: April, 21/2012 - 09:42

 

1634

Jan van Riebeeck, Dutch naval surgeon, is born; best known as the founder of Cape Town (1652), which helped open South Africa for whites.

1792

Death of Joaquin da Silva Xavier, Brazilian national hero. Better known as Tiradentes (the Tooth-puller), he led an unsuccessful uprising against Portuguese rule in Brazil and was tried and executed.

1816

Birth of Charlotte Bronte, English novelist (died 1855). Her works include Jane Eyre, Shirley and Villette.

1898

The United States recognises the independence of Cuba.

1910

Death of American novelist Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens). His two masterpieces, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, are drawn from his own boyhood experiences.

1945

In World War II the last German troops withdraw from Bologna, Italy; on the same day Russian troops reach the suburbs of Berlin.

1947

Death of Huynh Thuc Khang (born 1876), Vietnamese scholar, journalist, writer and social activist. He was one of the leaders of the patriotic Duy Tan (Renovation) movement early this century, editor-in-chief of the Tieng Dan (People's Voice) newspaper, and a founder of Hoi Lien Hiep Quoc Dan Viet Nam (Viet Nam National League).

1960

Brazil's capital moves from Rio de Janeiro to Brasilia, a modernistic city built from scratch on the central high plains.

1975

Nguyen Van Thieu resigns from the presidency of the Sai Gon regime.

1997

The first Chinese Army soldiers march into Hong Kong in preparation for the handover of the British colony in China on July 1.

2000

Russian lawmakers approve the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, which would oblige Russia to end all nuclear test explosions once the United States and other nuclear-capable nations comply.

2006

Haitians vote in a legislative election billed as the final step in the often-delayed process to bring back democracy to the poorest nation in the Americas.

2009

European researchers say they not only found the smallest planet ever, Gliese 5810 e, but also realise that a neighbouring planet discovered earlier, Gliese 581 d, was in the prime habital zone for potential life. — AP/REUTERS/VNS

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