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April 14 in History

Update: April, 14/2012 - 09:32


 

1629

Birth of Christian Huygens (died 1695), Dutch scientist and astronomer. He invented the micrometer, discovered Saturn's rings, pioneered the use of the pendulum, and formulated Huygens' principle.

1849

Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader.

1865

US President Abraham Lincoln is shot by actor John Wilkes Booth at Ford Theatre in Washington, DC.

1887

Death of Nguyen Cao (born 1828). He and other patriotic scholars in Viet Nam were engaged in anti-French activities from 1883 to 1886. He was captured by the French in 1887 and later executed.

1912

The White Star passenger liner Titanic sinks on her maiden voyage after hitting an iceberg off Newfoundland in the North Atlantic; 1,523 of the 2,200 passengers and crew lost their lives in the supposedly unsinkable vessel.

1917

Ludovik Lazarus Zamenhof, creator of the language of Esperanto, dies.

1930

Death of Soviet poet and playwright Vladimir Mayakovsly (born 1893). He combined experimental poetic techniques with Bolshevik information service and was a leading member of the futurist movement. His works include the poems 150 Million and Mystery Bouffe.

1931

Spain is declared a republic after King Alfonso abdicates and flees the country.

1975

The Political Bureau of the Communist Party of Viet Nam decides to name the military operation to liberate Sai Gon the Ho Chi Minh Campaign.

Vietnamese liberation forces overrun the Sai Gon-held Song Tu Tay Island in the Truong Sa Archipelago (Spratlys) in the East Sea.

1988

Viet Nam's Ministry of Foreign Affairs issues a statement condemning China's decision to include the Hoang Sa (Paracels) and the Truong Sa (Spratlys) in the East Sea in the Chinese maritime province of Hainan. The statement qualifies the Chinese move as illegal and invalid.

1995

The UN Security council votes to ease sanctions on Iraq, giving it easier terms in trading oil for food. It authorises Iraq to sell US$2 billion worth of oil over six months to pay for humanitarian supplies.

2000

After years of delay, Russian lawmakers approve the START II treaty to scrap thousands of US and Russian nuclear warheads, clearing the way for further arms reductions. — AP/REUTERS/VNS

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