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March 30 in History

Update: March, 30/2012 - 10:36

 

1746

Birth of Spanish painter Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes; At first influenced by Tiepolo and the Neapolitans, he turned to painting realistic scenes from everyday Spanish life.

1842

The first surgical operation using an anaesthetic is carried out by Dr Crawford Long of Jefferson, Georgia.

1853

Birth of Vincent van Gogh, Dutch painter associated with post-impressionism. The Provencal landscape was the focus of many of his best works, Sunflowers, The Bridge and The Chair and The Pipe. His Sunflowers was sold at a 1987 auction in London for US$39.7 million.

1867

A treaty for the purchase of Alaska from Russia for a sum of US$7.2 million, approximately two cents an acre, is submitted to the US Senate.

1870

The Fifteenth Amendment to the US Constitution is ratified, stating that race is no bar to voting rights.

1973

The Democratic Republic of Viet Nam and Malaysia establish diplomatic relations at ambassadorial level.

1980

Ton Duc Thang, Viet Nam's statesman and State president from 1969 to 1980, dies. He led workers to stage a strike at Ba Son Shipyard in Sai Gon and later in 1919, when serving on a French battleship in the Black Sea, he put up a red flag in protest at the imperialist war and in support of the Russian October Revolution. Back home he and his comrades set up the Red Trade Union in Sai Gon-Gia Dinh, now HCM City. He was detained on Con Dao Island until the victory of the August Revolution in 1945.

1981

President Ronald Reagan is shot in the chest by would-be assassin John Hinckley as he leaves a Washington hotel.

1994

The Bosnian parliament votes unanimously to set up a Croat-Moslem federation, ending more than a year of war between two of Bosnia's three ethnic factions.

1995

Fleeing violence in Burundi, thousands of Rwandan refugees trek toward Tanzania

1998

Rolls-Royce is purchased by German automaker BMW for US$570 million.

2002

Britain's Queen Mary, widow of King George VI and mother of his successor to the throne, Queen Elizabeth II, dies at 101.

2007

Nepal's seven ruling political parties and the country's former rebels agree to form a joint government, the latest step in ending a decade of civil war.

2010

The world's largest atom smasher throws together minuscule particles racing at unheard of speeds in conditions simulating those just after the Big Bang – a success that kick-starts a megabillion-dollar experiment that could one day explain how the universe began. — AP/REUTERS/VNS

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