|Apple, backed by a broad coalition of technology giants like Google and Facebook, was fiercely opposed to assisting the US government unlock the iPhone used by one of the San Bernardino attackers ©Timothy A. Clary. — AFP File Photo|
LOS ANGELES — The FBI has unlocked the iPhone used by one of the San Bernardino attackers, officials said on Monday, ending a heated legal standoff with Apple that had pitted US authorities against Silicon Valley.
Apple, backed by a broad coalition of technology giants like Google and Facebook, was fiercely opposed to assisting the US government in unlocking the iPhone on grounds it would have wide-reaching implications on digital security and privacy.
A key court hearing scheduled earlier this month to hear arguments from both sides in the sensitive case was abruptly cancelled after the FBI said it no longer needed Apple’s help and had found an outside party to unlock the phone.
"Our decision to conclude the litigation was based solely on the fact that, with the recent assistance of a third party, we are now able to unlock that iPhone without compromising any information on the phone," US attorney Eileen Decker said in a statement on Monday.
"We sought an order compelling Apple to help unlock the phone to fulfill a solemn commitment to the victims of the San Bernardino shooting – that we will not rest until we have fully pursued every investigative lead related to the vicious attack."
It was unclear who helped the FBI access the phone and what was stored on the device. But news reports have said the FBI may have sought assistance from an Israeli forensics company.
In a statement, Apple said the FBI case should never have been brought before the courts and that the company would continue to increase the security of its products.
"Apple believes deeply that people in the United States and around the world deserve data protection, security and privacy," it said. "Sacrificing one for the other only puts people and countries at greater risk."
In a court filing asking that the case be dismissed, federal prosecutors said the US government had "successfully accessed the data stored on (Syed) Farook’s iPhone and therefore no longer requires assistance from Apple Inc." Farook and his wife Tashfeen Malik killed 14 people in San Bernardino, California on December 2 before dying in a firefight with police. Two other phones linked to the pair were found destroyed after the attack.
’iPhone users less safe’
Tech companies, security experts and civil rights advocates had vowed to fight the government all the way to the Supreme Court, saying the case was not about a single phone and could set a precedent to compel companies to build backdoors into their products.
Evan Greer, campaign director of Fight for the Future, a non-profit that supports Apple, said Monday’s announcement was clear proof the government had an alternative motive in the case.
"The FBI’s credibility just hit a new low," he said in a statement. "They repeatedly lied to the court and the public in pursuit of a dangerous precedent that would have made all of us less safe.
"Fortunately, Internet users mobilised quickly and powerfully to educate the public about the dangers of backdoors, and together we forced the government to back down."
Some experts, however, argue that a public battle between the FBI and Apple might have been better for the tech giant, given that the government has now exposed a security flaw in the iPhone.
"Through this, iPhone users are now less safe and terrorists are less likely to use any US company-owned phone," Rob Enderle, who owns Enderle Group, a tech consultancy, said.
"And, if they are smart, executives, politicians, entertainers and other high profile iPhone users are likely considering moving to something else now as well.
"So the FBI has likely hurt Apple, one of the most valuable US companies in the world, significantly for no other reason than they said ’no’ to them." In a recent editorial, The Wall Street Journal had also criticised the Justice Department’s legal battle as "reckless" and said the FBI had "fibbed by saying the Apple case is about one phone."
FBI director James Comey said his agency only decided to back down in the court case after it found a third party that could crack the phone.
"You are simply wrong to assert that the FBI and the Justice Department lied about our ability to access the San Bernardino killer’s phone," Comey said in an open letter published in the Journal. — AFP