WASHINGTON — President Barack Obama presented a long-shot plan on Tuesday to shutter the Guantanamo Bay detention center, hoping to fulfill an elusive campaign promise before he leaves office next year.
Describing the jail as a stain on America's reputation and a catalyst for jihadists, Obama said "I don't want to pass this problem on to the next president."
"For many years, it's been clear that the detention facility at Guantanamo Bay does not advance our national security. It undermines it," Obama said from the White House's Roosevelt Room.
He outlined a $290-475 million plan to move the 91 remaining detainees abroad and to one of 13 possible -- unnamed -- facilities in the United States.
Obama has tried for almost eight years to close the jail, but has been thwarted by Congress, the Pentagon, some in his own party and foreign allies who refuse to host the terror suspects abroad.
As a candidate and as president, Obama has argued that the indefinite detention without trial of Guantanamo inmates harms America's image and its national security.
"It undermines our standing in the world," he said. "This is about closing a chapter in our history."
Lawmakers in the Republican-controlled Congress have blocked the most obvious path to closing the facility by banning the transfer of detainees to the United States, and there is little prospect of Republicans changing tack in the runup to the November presidential election.
House Speaker Paul Ryan immediately rejected the proposal, saying bringing "Guantanamo terrorists" to the United States was neither smart nor safe.
"It is against the law, and it will stay against the law, to transfer terrorist detainees to American soil," he added.
Obama appealed for the closure plan to be given "a fair hearing, even in an election year."
But Senator Marco Rubio, a Republican presidential candidate, doubled down on opposing it, promising to increase the Guantanamo population if elected.
"Not only are we not going to close Guantanamo -- when I am president, if we capture a terrorist alive... they are going to Guantanamo and we are going to find out everything they know," he said.
Obama also has faced opposition from within his own administration, with the Pentagon accused of slow-pedaling transfers and overstating closure costs.
The president could still try to force the closure through an executive order, but such a move would expose him to accusations of ruling by decree.
Obama got strong backing from one prominent Democrat, presidential contender Hillary Clinton.
"Closing Guantanamo would be a sign of strength and resolve," she said, urging Congress to implement the plan "as quickly and responsibly as possible."
Her campaign also pointed to her efforts to help close the facility while serving as Obama's secretary of state.
The Guantanamo Bay closure plan, which took months to produce, offers no specifics on the potential location of a US facility.
But military officials have previously listed Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, or the US Navy brig in Charleston, South Carolina, among possible destinations for inmates.
Those locations, however, face objections from local politicians.—AFP