BARCELONA – Catalonia on Monday called early regional elections for September 27, polls that will serve as a proxy vote on independence from Spain and raise tensions with the central government in Madrid.
Catalan president Artur Mas signed a decree on Monday night setting the date for the vote in the wealthy northeastern region, home to 7.5 million people and accounting for a fifth of Spain's output.
The decree made no reference to independence for Catalonia, but Mas – who already faces criminal charges for staging a mock independence referendum in November despite Madrid's objections – has said that if an alliance of pro-secession parties wins a majority, they will aim to split from Spain within 18 months.
"Politically they will not be normal elections, politically they are a plebiscite on Catalan freedom and sovereignty," Mas said on Thursday.
The regional government has already started setting up institutions of state, which would swing into gear if the pro-independence camp wins.
"We are ready," he has repeatedly said during public appearances.
Last week, Catalan officials presented plans for a future Catalan tax agency and adopted a decree paving the way for a public credit institution to be turned into a Catalan central bank.
The issue of Catalan independence had fallen off the headlines in recent months, with Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy's government more focused on the challenge in a year-end general election from new anti-austerity party Podemos than from Catalan separatists.
But it bounced back into the political spotlight in July after Catalan pro-independence parties set aside their differences and agreed to run on a joint ticket in the regional polls.
The joint list, called "Together for Yes", includes the ruling CDC party, the left-wing separatist ERC and associations which have organised massive pro-independence demonstrations in the region.
A smaller far-left party supporting independence, CUP, has refused to join the alliance but could prove key to achieving the majority in the regional assembly which the pro-independence camp says would be sufficient to implement its secession plans.
Spain's central government has vowed to oppose Catalonia's moves.
"There will be no independence for Catalonia," Rajoy told a news conference on Friday.
The vice president of the Catalan government, Neus Munte, told Spanish public radio on Monday that the pro-secession camp expected to win "a sufficient and solid" majority in favour of independence.
But she refused to specify what this would mean in terms of number of votes or seats won.
Deputy Prime Minister Soraya Saenz de Santamaria has said, however, that under the constitution the election could only be about choosing a new Catalan parliament.
"This is what citizens are deciding with this vote and nothing else," she told a news conference on Monday. -- AFP