VIENNA – Marathon talks between Iran and major powers towards a historic nuclear deal ran into the early hours today as signs emerged that an agreement might be imminent.
Foreign ministers of the six powers (P5 +1) were expected to hold a potentially final meeting today morning ahead of a planned announcement that would bring to a close an 18-day marathon push to strike an accord.
The P5+1 – the United States, Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany – have been trying to nail down an accord to end a 13-year standoff over Iran's nuclear programme.
The mooted deal would sharply curb Iran's nuclear programme and impose strict UN inspections in order to make any drive to make nuclear weapons all but impossible and easily detectable.
In return the web of UN and Western sanctions choking Iranian oil exports and the economy of the 78-million-strong country would be progressively lifted.
The diplomatic push began when Iranian President Hassan Rouhani came to power in 2013. In November that year an interim deal was agreed but two deadlines in 2014 for a lasting accord were missed.
Then in April, the parties scored a major breakthrough by agreeing the main outlines of an accord, aiming to finalise it by June 30, a deadline since pushed back twice.
Since April, legions of legal and technical experts have made great strides working out the nuts and bolts of how the highly ambitious and technical agreement will work.
But the talks have stumbled on the exact timing and pace of sanctions relief and Iran's desire to have a UN arms embargo lifted.
The White House said yesterday that the marathon discussions in Vienna had "made genuine progress."
"But there continues to be some sticking points that remain unresolved," White House spokesman Josh Earnest told reporters in Washington.
He said the United States and its partners did not want to rush the final stages of the lengthy talks.
"Typically, some of the most difficult issues are the ones that get kicked to the end, and that's why the president is going to resist any effort to sort of fast-forward through the closing here," Earnest said.
'Conditions in place'
Foreign ministers from the major powers rejoined US Secretary of State John Kerry and Iranian counterpart Mohammad Javad Zarif in Vienna's Palais Coburg hotel late Sunday and early yesterday to try to nail down the deal.
China's Foreign Minister Wang Yi told reporters as he arrived there should be "no more delays."
No deal could be "perfect" but "conditions are already in place for a good agreement," Wang said through an interpreter.
Zarif said he believed there should be no further extension to the talks – but added that he would negotiate as long as needed.
"I always believe there shouldn't be any extension but we could work as long as necessary to finish this," Zarif said as he met Wang.
Also present were Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and his counterparts from Britain, France and Germany – Philip Hammond, Laurent Fabius and Frank-Walter Steinmeier.
Lavrov left the venue of the talks at around 1:35 am local time today, telling reporters he was going to bed.
If a deal can be sewn up, the prospect of a subsequent possible thawing of US-Iranian relations unsettles many in the Middle East, however.
These include Shiite Iran's Sunni-ruled rivals Saudi Arabia and other Gulf monarchies who see Tehran as a destabilising influence in the region.
Israel, widely assumed to have nuclear weapons itself, is also deeply concerned, complaining that the proposed deal will fail to stop its arch foe getting the bomb.
"We are heading toward a bad deal, and in the period after it we will of course have to continue preparing to protect ourselves on our own," Israeli Defence Minister Moshe Yaalon said yesterday.
Many in the United States, particularly among US President Barack Obama's Republican opponents, agree that the mooted deal is too weak.
The agreement will prove a "hard sell" in the US Congress, which will have 60 days to chew over the accord, top Republican Mitch McConnell said in an interview broadcast Sunday. – AFP