ROME – Italian Prime Minister Enrico Letta will resign on Friday in a lightning political crisis and his 39-year-old leftist challenger Matteo Renzi is poised to win the nomination to replace him.
Letta said on Thursday he would submit his resignation to President Giorgio Napolitano following his final cabinet meeting after less than a year in power at the head of an uneasy grand coalition.
The cabinet meeting is to start at 1030 GMT.
The drama in Rome is the result of weeks of feuding between Letta and Renzi, the newly-elected ambitious leader of the governing centre-left Democratic Party, which fell behind him in calling for a change in government.
The "relay" between Letta and Renzi is an unpopular move among Italians, according to opinion polls, and there is concern in the party that it could strengthen disgraced former prime minister Silvio Berlusconi.
But they also said he could quickly win support if he manages to push through important reforms, and financial markets were broadly supportive with stocks and bond rates holding stable.
At a tense meeting on Thursday, members of the party's directorate lined up behind Renzi.
But Renzi still faces delicate days ahead before he can finally clinch his goal of becoming the European Union's youngest prime minister and Italy's youngest ever government leader.
Deputy Prime Minister Angelino Alfano, leader of the New Centre-Right party, a minor coalition partner whose votes are critical, has already said his support for Renzi is not a given.
Despite having been expelled from parliament over a criminal conviction for tax fraud and being a defendant in three other court cases, Berlusconi could also score political points.
Berlusconi's Forza Italia opposition party has already said he will lead upcoming coalition consultations with the nominee for prime minister – virtually certain to be Renzi.
Profound change' for Italy
Renzi, who is also the mayor of Florence, has said his is the only way to enact the "profound change" that Italy desperately needs.
He has also said he wants the new government to stay until the next scheduled elections in 2018 – a hope dismissed by analysts as unlikely given the current fragmented parliament.
A former Boy Scout known for his catchphrases and popular hashtags, Renzi is generally well-liked among Italians because he is seen as a relative outsider on the national political scene.
Renzi has never been in government and parliament although he has extensive experience in local administration and was praised for lowering taxes and promoting recycling.
He is often spotted in retro sunglasses and wearing a leather jacket and jeans, earning him the nickname of "Fonzie" – a reference to a character in the classic US sitcom "Happy Days". AFP