September 13 in History

September 13 in History

1788

New York is declared the first federal capital of the United States.

1874

Birth of Arnold Schoenberg, Austro-Hungarian composer. One of the century’s most influential composers, he developed the 12-tone system of composition.

1905

Birth of Claudette Colbert. French-born American actress noted for her sophisticated comedy roles. She won an Oscar for It Happened One Night.

1913

Birth of Tran Dai Nghia (meaning Tran of the Great Cause, which was given to him by President Ho Chi Minh in 1946). Nghia, whose real name was Pham Quang Le, was a scientist who designed ingenious weapons including the hollow-charge bazooka for the war of independence against the French. He was also responsible for improvements made on the Soviet-built SAM2 missile used against American B-52 bombers.

1922

The highest recorded shade temperature, 58 degrees Celsius, 136 Fahrenheit, is recorded at Al Aziziyah, Libya.

1932

The first course on Esperanto opens in Ha Noi.

1943

Ho Chi Minh is released from prison in Liao Zhou District, Guangxi Province, China. He was arrested by the Chiang Kai-shek government on August 29, 1942 and was detained for 13 months at 30 different places in Guangxi.

1964

Egypt and Saudi Arabia announce agreement of peaceful settlement of two-year-old Yemeni civil war.

1989

Archbishop Desmond Tutu leads huge crowds of singing and dancing people through central Cape Town in the biggest anti-apartheid protest march in South Africa for 30 years.

1993

Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organisation sign a peace agreement outlining a plan for Palestinian self-rule in the occupied territories.

1994

Some 180 nations at a UN International Conference on Population and Development adopt a 20-year blueprint to slow world population growth.

1997

Mother Teresa is buried in Calcutta.

1999

The fourth major blast in Russia in two weeks destroys an apartment building in Moscow and kills 118 people. — AP/REUTERS/VNS

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