CAN THO (VNS)— Sea level rise and the stability of geomorphology are to be calculated when devising economic projects and plans for coastal and estuary areas in the Mekong Delta, the Southwestern Steering Committee has announced.
The move aimed to cope with climate change, which was forecast to affect the natural and socio-economic environment of the country's rice bowl over the next 50-60 years, the committee said.
The Mekong Delta is one of the three most vulnerable delta belts in the world that will face a backlash from climate change.
It is forecast that by the end of the century, sea water levels may rise by 1m, submerging 40 per cent of the Mekong Delta, 11 per cent of the Red River Delta and 3 per cent of coastal provinces.
As part of the effort, regional provinces will build large-scale maps of coastal and lowland areas and sub-regions based on rising sea levels and hydrographic and hydraulic areas in the sub-regions.
They will also make a list of infrastructure works which will be at high risk from climate change, upgrade sea and river dyke systems and study plant varieties which are highly resistant to salinity.
Localities would introduce measures to protect production and infrastructure and move people in vulnerable areas to safe places. At the same time, they would keep people informed and improve environmental management.
They would also select rice varieties which were resistant to salinity. — VNS