HCM CITY (VNS)— Development in Viet Nam has relied too much on the exploitation of finite natural resources, an official of the environment ministry has warned.
Nguyen Thai Lai, deputy minister of Natural Resources and Environment, said yesterday that better conservation must be applied to save the country's non-renewable natural resources.
"Exploitation of natural resources for development has caused some of them to be near the edge of exhaustion, and we need close supervision to control exploitation," he said, adding that such exploitation had become a major problem as the country's pace of urbanisation had increased.
Lai spoke at a recent conference in HCM City organised by the city's University for Natural Resources and Environment. At the conference, 51 presentations by Vietnamese scientists and their counterparts from the US, Germany, South Korea and Australia were delivered.
The presentations on research results discussed several issues, including land-use management, water-resources management, pollution prevention and the impact of climate change.
Vu Ngoc Kich, an expert from the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment's Land Administration Department, also pointed out that more residents would have to resettle as the rapid pace of infrastructure construction would continue.
Because of this, the quality of land management must be improved to ensure effective use of land resources for different purposes and to protect displaced people.
Kich also said investment for land-use management tasks had been scattered and suggested that a mapping system be developed to enable better management of zoning. At the conference, many scientists brought up the issue of water management and pollution in rivers and canals.
The big river basins of Tien, Hau, Sai Gon, Dong Nai, and Vam Co Dong as well as smaller rivers and canals in Binh Duong, Dong Nai, HCM City and Cuu Long (Mekong) Delta provinces need serious supervision, they suggested.
The southeastern provinces are industrial hubs of the country with a high proportion of untreated waste water pouring into the rivers.
Rivers in the southwestern Mekong Delta provinces now are full of agricultural fertilisers and pesticides as well as waste water from seafood production and processing.
Scientists also said that detailed impact assessments of climate change in vulnerable coastal provinces should be carried out.—VNS