WASHINGTON (VNS)— The World Bank approved on Tuesday a US$9.76 million grant to support Viet Nam's efforts in phasing out ozone-depleting hydrochloro-fluorocarbons (HCFCs) that contribute to global warming.
This initiative, which will extend from January 1, 2013 to January 1, 2015 with money from the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol, builds on an existing programme in addressing other ozone-depleting substances.
Designed to help Viet Nam reduce its consumption of HCFCs in the polyurethane-foam sector, the project in its first stage will introduce the most current technologies to phase out about 1,275 metric tonnes of HCFC-141b in 12 large foam-production enterprises.
To help curb HCFC consumption, it will also offer support policies and regulations as well as technical assistance activities.
HCFCs are ozone-depleting substances with high global-warming potential and subject to consumption and production control measures of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.
The Montreal Protocol requires gradual phase-out starting from 2013 and leading to a complete phase-out of HCFC consumption and production by 2030 for developing countries.
Viet Nam consumes several types of HCFCs for various industrial applications, including HCFC-22 for refrigeration and air-conditioning manufacturing and for servicing existing equipment and appliances; HCFC-141b for foam production; and HCFC-123 for servicing cooling equipment.
The HCFC phase-out in Viet Nam will be done in a manner that maximizes the climate co-benefits through the introduction of zero to very low global-warming potential alternatives.
This is in line with Viet Nam's national policy on industrialisation and modernisation to meet the overall objectives of continued economic growth and sustainable development.
The World Bank is one of the implementing agencies for the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol, and has been engaged in ODS phase-out activities in Viet Nam since the early 2000s. —VNS