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The age of the heart attack

Update: December, 27/2015 - 12:00

It used to be more common for only old people to suffer heart attacks.

Now, younger people are having them.

To prevent heart attacks, it helps to not live a life full of stress, not to smoke and not to be too fat.

Some people may get heart attacks because they come from families with histories of heart attacks.

People practise morning exercise in Ha Noi. An increasing number of young adults in their thirties and forties are suffering from heart attacks.
People practise morning exercise in Ha Noi. An increasing number of young adults in their thirties and forties are suffering from heart attacks. -  Photo vivuhanoi.com

HA NOI (VNS) — An increasing number of young adults in their thirties and forties are suffering from heart attacks, which typically occur in older age, according to Associate Professor Pham Manh Hung, chairman of the Viet Nam Medical Association.

Heart attacks, scientifically known as myocardial infarction, occur when blood stops flowing to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.

Recently a 27-year-old farmer from the northern Ninh Binh Province, was rushed to the Ha Noi-based Huu Nghi Hospital with symptoms of shortness of breath, sweating, left chest pain and tiredness.

The doctors were surprised to see X-ray pictures of the young patient's coronary arteries filled with blood clots, which block a branch of a larger artery.

The problem was partly attributed to the patient's smoking addiction, a habit he has sustained since he was sixteen, baogiaothong.vn reported.

A HCM City resident who asked for his anonymity was also exposed to heart attacks in his thirties, saying he did not exercise and smokes a pack of cigarettes per day.

Le Cao Phuong Duy, head of the Cardiology Department of the HCM-based Nguyen Tri Phuong Hospital, said the disease could now be identified earlier with the help of advanced diagnostic technology.

"Most of the patients eat food with a high amount of fatty substances, but rarely do physical activities," he said. "Excessive fat accumulates in the blood and builds up plaque in the arteries, called atherosclerosis. Working in strenuous environments also easily results in the heart attacks."

Statistics from the HCM-based Gia Dinh People's Hospital show that the number of patients under 45 who suffered heart attacks this year accounted for 10.5 per cent, while the number of heart attack patients under 35 was 1.8 per cent.

Heart attacks of the elderly originate from plaque that builds up in the arteries for many years. With patients under the age of forty, the disease is caused by blood blocks, which form in the arteries due to stress, obesity, addiction to smoking and damaged blood vessels, according to Bui Long, head of Cardiology Department of Huu Nghi Hospital.

The youth often disregard these symptoms and do not think they can be exposed to heart disease, and thus the disease can be more life-threatening.

Heredity can also be blamed for some heart attacks among young people. People who have high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol or have parents who have suffered from heart attacks face a higher risk of the disease, according to Duy.

"Jogging or exercising at least 30 minutes per day and five days a week, as well as drinking less beer and alcohol, are highly recommended," said Hong Quoc Hoa, deputy director of the Gia Dinh People's Hospital. — VNS

GLOSSARY

Recently a 27-year-old farmer from the northern Ninh Binh Province, was rushed to the Ha Noi-based Huu Nghi Hospital with symptoms of shortness of breath, sweating, left chest pain and tiredness.

Symptoms of a disease are signs of someone having that illness.

The doctors were surprised to see X-ray pictures of the young patient's coronary arteries filled with blood clots, which block a branch of a larger artery.

Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood with oxygen in it, to the rest of the body.

Coronary arteries supply blood to the heart.

A blood clot is made up of blood that has become hard inside your body. In the clot, blood is no longer a liquid but a solid.

The problem was partly attributed to the patient's smoking addiction, a habit he has sustained since he was sixteen, baogiaothong.vn reported.

If a problem is attributed to smoking, it is seen to be caused by smoking.

If someone has a smoking addiction, they find it almost impossible to live without being able to smoke.

To sustain a habit, such as smoking, means to keep it up.

A HCM City resident who asked for his anonymity was also exposed to heart attacks in his thirties, saying he did not exercise and smokes a pack of cigarettes per day.

To ask for your anonymity means to ask not to have your name mentioned to anyone.

Le Cao Phuong Duy, head of the Cardiology Department of the HCM-based Nguyen Tri Phuong Hospital, said the disease could now be identified earlier with the help of advanced diagnostic technology.

Cardiology is the branch of medicine that is to do with things that go wrong with the heart.

"Most of the patients eat food with a high amount of fatty substances, but rarely do physical activities," he said.

Rarely means not often.

"Excessive fat accumulates in the blood and builds up plaque in the arteries, called atherosclerosis.

Excessive means more than necessary.

When excessive fat accumulates in the blood, it collects in the blood.

Plaque, in this case, means a bump in your body caused by damage to body tissue or fat sitting on the wall of an artery.

Working in strenuous environments also easily results in the heart attacks."

Strenuous environments are places where you do hard work involving lots of physical effort, using your body.

Statistics from the HCM-based Gia Dinh People's Hospital show that the number of patients under 45 who suffered heart attacks this year accounted for 10.5 per cent, while the number of heart attack patients under 35 was 1.8 per cent.

Statistics are figures that have been collected so that experts can get an idea of what direction things are going in.

With patients under the age of forty, the disease is caused by blood blocks, which form in the arteries due to stress, obesity, addiction to smoking and damaged blood vessels, according to Bui Long, head of Cardiology Department of Huu Nghi Hospital.

Stress is the feeling of being under strain because of having too much to deal with.

Obesity is the state of being very fat and overweight.

The youth often disregard these symptoms and do not think they can be exposed to heart disease, and thus the disease can be more life-threatening.

Disregard means ignore.

Thus means as a result.

Heredity can also be blamed for some heart attacks among young people.

Heredity means the passing on of things from parents to their children that give them certain looks and behaviour.

People who have high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol or have parents who have suffered from heart attacks face a higher risk of the disease.

Diabetes is a problem people suffer from because of high levels of sugar in the blood.

Cholesterol is a type of steroid that exists in the body. Too much of it in the blood can lead to a person having a heart attack.

WORKSHEET

State whether the following sentences are true, or false:

1.      Associate Professor Pham Manh Hung is head of Cardiology Department of Huu Nghi Hospital.

2.      The Gia Dinh People's Hospital  is in Ha Noi.

3.      Hong Quoc Hoa recommends that people jog or exercise at least 30 minutes per day and five days a week, as well as drinking less beer and alcohol.

4.      A Da Nang resident who asked for his anonymity was also exposed to heart attacks in his thirties, saying he did not exercise and smokes a pack of cigarettes per day.

5.      Nguyen Tri Phuong Hospital is in Ho Chi Minh City.

 

ANSWERS:

© Duncan Guy/Learn the News/ Viet Nam News 2015












































 1. False; 2. False; 3. True; 4. False; 5. True.

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