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Viet Nam park seen as international treasure

Update: July, 12/2015 - 12:00

The United Nations keeps a list of places that are so special, they are important to the whole world and not only to the countries in which they would be found.

Two new places have just been added to this list.

One is in Viet Nam.

It is in the Phong Nha - Ke Bang National Park.

Mooc Stream is an eco-tourism destination lying inside the Phong Nha - Ke Bang National Park.
Mooc Stream is an eco-tourism destination lying inside the Phong Nha - Ke Bang National Park. - VNA/VNS Photo Minh Duc

HA NOI (VNS) — Central Viet Nam's Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park received its second UNESCO recognition yesterday.

At a conference held in Bonn, Germany, the UNESCO World Heritage Committee approved the addition of two natural sites in its World Heritage List – the Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park and the Cape Floral Region Protected Area in South Africa.

It is the second time that the Vietnamese park received UNESCO recognition, the first time in 2003 for its geological and geomorphological values.

In 2009, information of the park's biodiversity was submitted to the UN agency, but the files were returned. Viet Nam was asked to solve issues related to the integrity, protection and management of the heritage.

The site's new profile includes more geological and geomorphological data. Since 2012, the park area increased from 85,754ha to 123,326ha under a decision by Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung to adjust its boundaries.

The new information on the park's biodiversity and ecological and biological processes won it the latest recognition.

The UN agency said: "With this extension, the site shares a boundary with the Hin Namno Nature Reserve in the People's Democratic Republic of Laos.

"The Park's landscape is formed by limestone plateaux and tropical forests. It features great geological diversity and offers spectacular features, including a large number of caves and underground rivers.

"The site harbours a high level of biodiversity and many endemic species. The extension ensures a more coherent ecosystem while providing additional protection to the catchment areas that are of vital importance for the integrity of limestone landscapes."

The characteristic of this national park are its karsts that are millions of years old, and said to be most valuable in Southeast Asia. It has majestic landscapes with a spectacular cave system, abundant biological diversity and many historical and cultural relics, and underground rivers.

The park, located in Bo Trach District, Quang Binh Province, is home to nearly 2,934 species of fauna and flora.

In 2014, Quang Binh welcomed around 2.8 million tourists, including 43,000 foreigners, an increase of 129 per cent compared to the previous year.

In the first three months, the number reached more than 56,000, and the province expects to welcome a total of 3.3 million guests this year.

A cave festival entitled "Quang Binh – Kingdom of the Caves," will be organised from July 15 to 21.

Many interesting activities such as the launch of new tourist destinations, promotions and tourist discounts and farm trips will be held during the event which is part of efforts to promote local culture, tourism and the uniqueness of the caves to attract both international and domestic investors and tourists. — VNS

GLOSSARY

Central Viet Nam's Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park received its second UNESCO recognition yesterday.

UNESCO stands for the United Nations Educational and Scientific Organisation. It has a list of places in the world that are so wonderful, they are special not just to the countries in which they are located but to the whole world. The places on this list are seen, or recognised, to have things that make them special enough to qualify.

It is the second time that the Vietnamese park received UNESCO recognition, the first time in 2003 for its geological and geomorphological values.

Geological means to do with rocks. Geomorphological means to do with the make-up of the surface of the Earth.

In 2009, information of the park's biodiversity was submitted to the UN agency, but the files were returned. Viet Nam was asked to solve issues related to the integrity, protection and management of the heritage.

When there is a lot of biodiversity there are lots of different types of animals and plant life in one particular place.

To submit information to the UN agency means to present it to them.

Integrity means honesty and honour.

The site's new profile includes more geological and geomorphological data.

The site's new profile is the latest way in which it has been described for presentation to UNESCO.

Data is information that has been collected.

"The Park's landscape is formed by limestone plateaux and tropical forests. It features great geological diversity and offers spectacular features, including a large number of caves and underground rivers.

Limestone is a type of rock. A plateau is a flat stretch of land that sits at a high altitude. The plural of plateau is plateaux.

If there is geological diversity in a place, there are many different types of rocks and stones there.

"The site harbours a high level of biodiversity and many endemic species.

A species is a type of plant or animal. Species that are endemic to Central Viet Nam are found there and nowhere else.

The extension ensures a more coherent ecosystem while providing additional protection to the catchment areas that are of vital importance for the integrity of limestone landscapes."

An ecosystem is a community of living things, including plants and animals, that live with one another and off one another in a certain place. It may be a place as small as a pot plant or as large as the entire Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park, or even the whole world.

The characteristic of this national park are its karsts that are millions of years old, and said to be most valuable in Southeast Asia.

Karst is landscape that has been formed on top of limestone rock.

It has majestic landscapes with a spectacular cave system, abundant biological diversity and many historical and cultural relics, and underground rivers.

Biological diversity is the same as biodiversity.

Relics are things made by humans that are left over from the past.

The park, located in Bo Trach District, Quang Binh Province, is home to nearly 2,934 species of fauna and flora.

Fauna means animals; flora means plants.

Many interesting activities such as the launch of new tourist destinations, promotions and tourist discounts and farm trips will be held during the event which is part of efforts to promote local culture, tourism and the uniqueness of the caves to attract both international and domestic investors and tourists.

The uniqueness of the caves is the sense that there are no others like them.

 

WORKSHEET

State whether the following sentences are true, or false:

1. The United Nations Educational and Scientific Organisation has only once recognised the Phong Nha - Ke Bang National Park as a special place.

2. There are caves in the Phong Nha - Ke Bang National Park.

3. An area in the Cape region of South Africa has special flowers.

4. Karst is landscape that has formed on granite rock.

5. The Phong Nha - Ke Bang National Park is in Quang Binh Province.

 

ANSWERS:

© Duncan Guy/Learn the News/ Viet Nam News 2015

































 

 

 

 1. False; 2.  True; 3. True; 4. False; 5. True.

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