Tuesday, December 6 2016

VietNamNews

Books show islands belong to Viet Nam

Update: June, 20/2015 - 12:00

The Truong Sa and Hoang Sa islands go back a long way in Viet Nam's history.

During the time of Minh Mang era they were already part of the country.

Proof of this is in old books from the Royal Chronicles.

The government has just received copies of these books.

Sovereignty: Scholar Ho Tan Phan does research on a book of Dai Nam Thuc Luc.
Sovereignty: Scholar Ho Tan Phan does research on a book of Dai Nam Thuc Luc. - VNS Photo Phuoc Buu

THUA THIEN-HUE (VNS) — Researcher Ho Tan Phan has presented copies of rare Vietnamese royal chronicles to the National Boundary Commission under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Phan believes the books could serve as evidence of Viet Nam's sovereignty over the Truong Sa (Spratly) and Hoang Sa (Paracel) archipelagoes.

The Hue-based researcher said Dai Nam Thuc Luc (Great South Real Record) was a trusted collection of documents that justified Viet Nam's sovereignty over the two archipelagoes.

Dai Nam (Great South) was then the name for Viet Nam. The chronicles were records from the Nguyen dynasty, prepared and issued by the office of national historiographers from 1802 to 1945.

The records also retell stories from historical era before the Nguyen dynasty.

According to Phan, the chronicles were compiled and issued continuously from 1821, or the second year of the Minh Mang era, to 1939, or the fourteenth year of Bao Dai era.

Minh Mang and Bao Dai were the second and thirteenth emperors of the dynasty.

In the chronicles of the Minh Mang era, the Hoang Sa and Truong Sa are described as part of Viet Nam territory. Other records show how the dynasty's emperors deployed personnel to the islands and controlled fishing in the area.

"The islands are under international disputes, that's why these documents are invaluable for proving Viet Nam's role. Dai Nam Thuc Luc is a legal and verifiable record of a kingdom that existed in world history," said Phan. "The records were copied and re-issued by a university in Japan, adding to the aura of trust surrounding them."

From 1961 to 1981, researchers from the Keio Institute of Linguistic Studies in Tokyo, Japan, arrived in Viet Nam to copy the records in miniature.

Last year, Phan began to compare the original copy and the reissued Japanese copies. After verifying them, he produced his own miniature copies and granted a collection to the committee in May.

Phan is a scholar based in Hue. He has a big library of rare books. Last year, he held an auction of books to raise funds for fishermen sailing to the islands despite East Sea tension. — VNS

 

GLOSSARY

 

Researcher Ho Tan Phan has presented copies of rare Vietnamese royal chronicles to the National Boundary Commission under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Chronicles are written records of what has happened.

Phan believes the books could serve as evidence of Viet Nam's sovereignty over the Truong Sa (Spratly) and Hoang Sa (Paracel) archipelagoes.

Evidence means proof.

A country's sovereignty is its right to rule over all its land and water territories.

Archipelagoes are groups of islands.

The Hue-based researcher said Dai Nam Thuc Luc (Great South Real Record) was a trusted collection of documents that justified Viet Nam's sovereignty over the two archipelagoes.

By justifying Viet Nam's sovereignty over the two archipelagoes, the chronicles show that it is correct that they should be part of Viet Nam.

Dai Nam (Great South) was then the name for Viet Nam. The chronicles were records from the Nguyen dynasty, prepared and issued by the office of national historiographers from 1802 to 1945.

Historiographers are people who write history.

Other records show how the dynasty's emperors deployed personnel to the islands and controlled fishing in the area.

By deploying personnel to the islands the emperors sent their officials there.

"The islands are under international disputes, that's why these documents are invaluable for proving Viet Nam's role. Dai Nam Thuc Luc is a legal and verifiable record of a kingdom that existed in world history," said Phan.

If the documents are invaluable, it means that it would not be worth selling them for any amount of money.

A verifiable record is a record that can be double checked to make very sure about something.

"The records were copied and re-issued by a university in Japan, adding to the aura of trust surrounding them."

An aura of trust means a mood of trusting one another.

From 1961 to 1981, researchers from the Keio Institute of Linguistic Studies in Tokyo, Japan, arrived in Viet Nam to copy the records in miniature.

Miniature means made to a smaller size.

Last year, he held an auction of books to raise funds for fishermen sailing to the islands despite East Sea tension.

 

An auction is a sale at which people offer prices for something and the person who offers the highest price wins the right to buy it.

 

East Sea tension is bad feelings between different countries over who should own the East Sea.

 

WORKSHEET

 

Find words that mean the following in the Word Search:

1. A (singular) group of islands.

2. The country in which you would find the Keio Institute of Linguistic Studies.

3. Another name for the Hoang Sa islands.

4. The city where Ho Tan Phan comes from.

5. Something people did in the sea around the islands in history that is still done there today.

 

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ANSWERS:

© Duncan Guy/Learn the News/ Viet Nam News 2015  


































 

 

1. Archipelago; 2. Japan; 3. Paracel; 4. Hue; 5. Fishing.

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