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Forest under threat

Update: April, 25/2015 - 12:00

Forests in five provinces of Viet Nam are getting smaller and smaller.

This is because people chop them down to make farms.

People are now beginning to think that the laws which are in place to protect Viet Nam's forests should become more strict.

The total forest area of five provinces in the Central Highland region, has dropped by nearly 360,000 hectares (ha), compared with a previous survey in 2008.
The total forest area of five provinces in the Central Highland region, has dropped by nearly 360,000 hectares (ha), compared with a previous survey in 2008. - Photo baogialai.com.vn

HA NOI (VNS) — A recent survey revealed that the total forest area of five provinces in the Central Highland region, has dropped by nearly 360,000 hectares (ha), compared with a previous survey in 2008.

The five provinces that have been surveyed are: Lam Dong, Dak Nong, Dak Lak, Gia Lai, Kon Tum.

The survey cited illegal exploitation, deforestation for agriculture production by local residents and shifting forest use purpose for economic targets as the reasons for the forest cover shrinkage, the Forest Management Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development Deputy Head Nguyen Ba Ngai said.

Ngai added that the backward policies and mechanisms for forestry management and use were also reasons that had led to instability in the lives of forest protectors and people living near the forest. So much so, maintaining forest area had become a top priority for the country and the Central Highlands provinces.

A report from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development said the Central Highlands region has around 2.8 million ha of forest, of which nearly 2.6 million ha was made up of natural forests at the end of 2012.

The Dak Lak People's Committee's Deputy Chairman, Y Dham Enuoi, said the province's forest area had been reduced by more than 86,000 ha over the past decade. Forest coverage rate had reduced to 38 per cent, compared with 51 per cent during the past decade.

Nearly 30,000 ha of the province's forests were destroyed by the local people for production purposes, he said.

During the period between 2006 and 2013, 700 projects were licensed for investment over a total area of 215,000 ha. Ineffective implementation of many projects had led to a situation of land conflict or illegal forest exploitation of the local people.

At a recent meeting of the Forest Protection and Development Steering Committee last week, Deputy Prime Minister Hoang Trung Hai had asked the region and localities to adopt measures for forest protection and development.

Hai suggested that the region should focus financial resources on comprehensively implementing new policies and mechanisms, improving the ability of forest owners, and strictly handle violations.

The deputy PM also asked for further dissemination of legal laws and regulations and improving the lives of people living in difficult areas of the region. — VNS

GLOSSARY

A recent survey revealed that the total forest area of five provinces in the Central Highland region, has dropped by nearly 360,000 hectares (ha), compared with a previous survey in 2008.

A survey is a study that is done based on careful counts and interviews.

If a survey reveals something that has happened, it tells this from the answers it produces.

The survey cited illegal exploitation, deforestation for agriculture production by local residents and shifting forest use purpose for economic targets as the reasons for the forest cover shrinkage, the Forest Management Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development Deputy Head Nguyen Ba Ngai said.

Exploitation means getting as much as possible out of something.

Deforestation means the destruction of forest cover.

You have an economic target when you aim to make a certain amount of money.

Ngai added that the backward policies and mechanisms for forestry management and use were also reasons that had led to instability in the lives of forest protectors and people living near the forest.

A policy for forestry management is a thought out way of dealing with things to do with forestry.

The mechanisms for forestry management are the processes that are practiced in forestry management.

When there is instability, things are out of control.

The Dak Lak People's Committee's Deputy Chairman, Y Dham Enuoi, said the province's forest area had been reduced by more than 86,000 ha over the past decade.

A decade is a period of ten years.

Ineffective implementation of many projects had led to a situation of land conflict or illegal forest exploitation of the local people.

When there is ineffective implementation of a project, it means that the project is simply not done well enough.

Hai suggested that the region should focus financial resources on comprehensively implementing new policies and mechanisms, improving the ability of forest owners, and strictly handle violations.

Comprehensively means taking everything into account and not forgetting about a single aspect.

The deputy PM also asked for further dissemination of legal laws and regulations and improving the lives of people living in difficult areas of the region.

Dissemination of laws means to spread the law to include more aspects of forestry.

WORKSHEET

State whether the following sentences are true, or false:

1. There is 360,000 hectares less forest cover in the five provinces than there was seven years ago.

2. Gia Lai is a province in the central highland region of Viet Nam.

3. Nguyen Ba Ngai is deputy chairman of the Dak Lak People's Committee.

4. Hoang Trung Hai is the deputy prime minister.

5. There was nearly nearly 2.6 million ha of natural forest covering the Central Highlands only three years ago.

 

ANSWERS:

© Duncan Guy/Learn the News/ Viet Nam News 2015 






















1. True; 2. True; 3. False; 4. True; 5. True.

 

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