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Hard, dry times in Khanh Hoa

Update: March, 28/2015 - 12:00

It is very hot and dry in Khanh Hoa province.

So dry that the dams are not full.

Farmers need help from the government.

Cam Ranh Reservoir in Khanh Hoa Province is now only capable of supplying enough water for 550ha of crops compared to the 2,300ha it is supposed to cover.
Cam Ranh Reservoir in Khanh Hoa Province is now only capable of supplying enough water for 550ha of crops compared to the 2,300ha it is supposed to cover. - VNA/VNS Photo Tien Minh

KHANH HOA (VNS) — The central coastal province of Khanh Hoa has asked for financial support from the Government and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development to cope with a severe drought.

Le Duc Vinh, deputy chairman of the provincial People's Committee, said during a meeting with Deputy Prime Minister Hoang Trung Hai that the requested VND150 billion (US$7.1 million) would be used to build a 3.5 million cu.m reservoir to serve local residents' farm cultivation and production.

A lack of rain decreased the water flow in the province by 90 per cent compared with previous years, Vinh said in his report to the Governmental official.

Vinh said water reserve reservoirs could only supply 25 to 50 per cent of what the province needed. Of the total 19,700 ha of winter-spring crops, some 2,500 ha had been seriously affected. Cam Ranh, Cam Lam and Ninh Hoa localities were facing the biggest droughts.

Specifically, the 22-million-cubic-metre Cam Ranh Reservoir, which was supposed to supply water for 2,300 ha of crops, now only held 5 per cent of its total capacity. So it could only supply enough for 550 ha, he said.

In response to the province's difficulties, Hai urged local authorities to ensure that residents got enough water and disseminate more information on conserving it. The province needed a plan for reserving water, as the heat and drought were expected to continue.

He also asked the province to calculate the province's water supply and demand, and call for investments from different sources to build more reservoirs or dams.

Hai visited Cam Lam District, where 800 ha of crops, including 500 ha of rice, were suffering from severe drought. He urged the locality to change its crop structure, especially in severely affected areas.

He also asked the district's authorities to provide farmers with seedlings to help them avoid poverty caused by the drought.

Millions-dollar runway

Also yesterday, Hai attended a ground-breaking ceremony for the construction of Cam Ranh International Airport's second runway.

The airport aims to ease overloading and take a step toward its long-term development goals with the expansion, valued at more than VND1.9 trillion ($90.5 million). It includes a runway with 3,048m-long, 45m-wide runway and 3,094sq.m of grounds, among other facilities.

Hai underscored the necessity of the project, saying it would help meet the development and defence demands of Khanh Hoa and the south central region.

He asked local authorities, the investor and the contractors to work closely to ensure the project's progress and quality of the project.

Built by the US for military purposes during wartime, Cam Ranh Airport has been used by Viet Nam for civilian travel since 2004. In 2009 the Government decided to upgrade it into an international airport.

Cam Ranh became one of the four leading airports in 2011, in terms of number of passengers. In 2014 alone, the airport served more than 2 million people. — VNS

 

GLOSSARY

 

The central coastal province of Khanh Hoa has asked for financial support from the Government and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development to cope with a severe drought.

Financial support means help in the form of money.

A severe drought is a particularly bad one.

Le Duc Vinh, deputy chairman of the provincial People's Committee, said during a meeting with Deputy Prime Minister Hoang Trung Hai that the requested VND150 billion (US$7.1 million) would be used to build a 3.5 million cu.m reservoir to serve local residents' farm cultivation and production.

A reservoir is a place where water is stored.

People who live in a certain place are residents of that place.

Cultivation happens when people pick the crops they grow.

A lack of rain decreased the water flow in the province by 90 per cent compared with previous years, Vinh said in his report to the Governmental official.

When the water flow decreased there was less of it.

Specifically, the 22-million-cubic-metre Cam Ranh Reservoir, which was supposed to supply water for 2,300 ha of crops, now only held 5 per cent of its total capacity.

The total capacity of a reservoir is the total amount of water that it is able to hold.

In response to the province's difficulties, Hai urged local authorities to ensure that residents got enough water and disseminate more information on conserving it.

To disseminate information means to spread it so that many people hear or read about it.

To conserve water means to not waste it.

He also asked the province to calculate the province's water supply and demand, and call for investments from different sources to build more reservoirs or dams.

To calculate the province's water supply and demand means to work out how much they are.

When people make investments they put money into a project, such as the building of reservoirs, in the hope of one day getting more money out of it.

He also asked the district's authorities to provide farmers with seedlings to help them avoid poverty caused by the drought.

Seedlings are little plants that have recently germinated from seeds and can be planted again in fields and gardens.

The airport aims to ease overloading and take a step toward its long-term development goals with the expansion, valued at more than VND1.9 trillion ($90.5 million).

If an airport aims to ease overloading it works towards doing things that cause it to feel less pressure from too many planes using it.

Things that are long-term are planned for many years ahead.

Built by the US for military purposes during wartime, Cam Ranh Airport has been used by Viet Nam for civilian travel since 2004. In 2009 the Government decided to upgrade it into an international airport.

Civilian travel means travel by ordinary people and not those in the military or other forces.

 

WORKSHEET:

 

State whether the following sentences are true, or false:

1. Cam Ranh Airport was built by the French before independence.

2. Le Duc Vinh is the deputy prime minister of Viet Nam.

3. Cam Ranh, Cam Lam and Ninh Hoa localities are facing the biggest droughts.

4. If seedlings are given to farmers in drought area, it could help avoid poverty.

5. Khanh Hoa is a central coastal province of Viet Nam.

 

 

ANSWERS:

© Duncan Guy/Learn the News/ Viet Nam News 2015

































 

1. False; 2. False; 3. True; 4. True; 5. True.

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