Monday, November 20 2017

VietNamNews

Summer to raise disease risk

Update: July, 19/2014 - 12:00

Warm weather can bring awful diseases.

This seems to be happening with people catching encephalitis, which causes people's brains to become swollen.

They have also been catching Japanese encephalitis, a form of the disease that lives in some pigs and wild birds and is carried by mosquitoes.

As of last Friday, more than 350 encephalitis patients had been reported across 32 provinces and cities, a 10.8 per cent drop on the same period last year.
As of last Friday, more than 350 encephalitis patients had been reported across 32 provinces and cities, a 10.8 per cent drop on the same period last year. - VNA photo

HA NOI (VNS) — Despite a steady decrease in the number of encephalitis and Japanese encephalitis patients in recent years, the Ministry of Health has warned that summer temperatures could see a rebound in the number of cases, particularly in northern Viet Nam.

Tran Dac Phu, director of the Department of Preventive Medicines under the Ministry of Health, issued the warning at a conference on Wednesday.

As of last Friday, more than 350 encephalitis patients had been reported across 32 provinces and cities, a 10.8 per cent drop on the same period last year, according to the department. Six fatalities have occurred so far, with one of the dead victims, from Ha Noi's Ba Vi District, said to have been diagnosed with Japanese encephalitis.

The National Paediatrics Hospital is currently handling 69 cases of Japanese encephalitis, compared with five handled by the National Hospital for Tropical Diseases.

Phu said the diseases were caused by different kinds of virus strains including the Japanese encephalitis virus. Patients often suffered brain damage from the disease resulting in long-term damage or fatalities, he said.

Children under 15-years-old were especially vulnerable to the disease, added Phu.

The disease appeared at the beginning of the year and has seen a steady rise in the summer months.

Prevention

The vaccine against Japanese encephalitis was adopted into the National Immunisation Programme in 1997.

After an initial roll-out in some high risk provinces and cities the vaccine was gradually expanded to more localities.

Last year the vaccine was used in 60 provinces and cities and was supplied free-of-charge to children under-five-year-old in all 63 provinces and cities.

The health ministry prepared 4 million of doses of Japanese encephalitis vaccines this year, an increase of 1.7 million doses compared with the previous year.

It also assigned experts to check and advise on disease prevention in different localities. Information on the disease has also been disseminated to raise awareness.

Experts from the health ministry warned that to prevent Japanese encephalitis, residents should monitor hygiene levels at home and at work.

Livestock cages should be placed away from houses and cleaned regularly to prevent mosquitoes from breeding. — VNS

GLOSSARY

Despite a steady decrease in the number of encephalitis and Japanese encephalitis patients in recent years, the Ministry of Health has warned that summer temperatures could see a rebound in the number of cases, particularly in northern Viet Nam.

Rebound means bouncing back, or a rise.

Six fatalities have occurred so far, with one of the dead victims, from Ha Noi's Ba Vi District, said to have been diagnosed with Japanese encephalitis.

Fatalities are deaths.

When someone is diagnosed to have a disease, someone will have identified that the person has that disease.

Phu said the diseases were caused by different kinds of virus strains including the Japanese encephalitis virus.

A virus is a very small thing that gets into one's body and multiplies, causing infections and illnesses. There are many different kinds of virus and different types of the same viruses, which are known as strains of viruses.

Patients often suffered brain damage from the disease resulting in long-term damage or fatalities, he said.

Long-term means lasting for a long time.

Children under 15-years-old were especially vulnerable to the disease, added Phu.

People who are vulnerable to something can easily be harmed.

The vaccine against Japanese encephalitis was adopted into the National Immunisation Programme in 1997.

Adopted, in this case, means "taken up by".

After an initial roll-out in some high risk provinces and cities the vaccine was gradually expanded to more localities.

When a vaccine programme is rolled out, it put into practice. When an initial roll-out takes place, its first stages of being put into practice happen.

Places that are high-risk are where the disease is most likely to infect people.

A vaccine is a substance that is injected into people to prevent them from catching a certain disease.

Information on the disease has also been disseminated to raise awareness.

When information is disseminated, it is spread.

Experts from the health ministry warned that to prevent Japanese encephalitis, residents should monitor hygiene levels at home and at work.

To monitor hygiene levels means to keep a very close watch over them.

Livestock cages should be placed away from houses and cleaned regularly to prevent mosquitoes from breeding.

Livestock means domestic animals that are kept on farms, such as cattle, sheep, goats, buffalo, pigs, chickens, ducks and so on.

WORKSHEET

Find words that mean the following in the Word Search:

1.       A word that collectively means domestic animals kept on farms.

2.       The Viet Nam government ministry that is responsible for dealing with outbreaks of diseases such as encephalitis.

3.       Substances given to people to stop them from catching certain diseases.

4.       Another word for deaths.

5.       The day of the week when more than 350 encephalitis patients had been reported across 32 provinces and cities.

 

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© Duncan Guy/Learn the News/ Viet Nam News 2014


























1. Livestock; 2. Health; 3. Vaccines; 4. Fatalities; 5. Friday.

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