Monday, December 18 2017

VietNamNews

Viet Nam needs better laws to protect rivers

Update: May, 03/2014 - 12:00

Many rivers in Viet Nam are dirty with pollution.

It comes from factories, farms, homes and other places.

This problem could be controlled by the country having better laws to protect the rivers.

Experts decided at a special meeting that this was what should happen.

The pollution has mostly been caused by untreated wastewater discharged by households, industrial zones, hospitals, and craft village.
The pollution has mostly been caused by untreated wastewater discharged by households, industrial zones, hospitals, and craft village. - Photo tinmoitruong

HA NOI (VNS) — Viet Nam needs to have a comprehensive, unified set of rules to control water pollution in the country, because the problem has assumed very serious proportions, experts and officials said at a workshop yesterday.

"We now have several regulations scattered over several legal documents," said Pham Van Loi, head of the Institute of Science for Environmental Management.

This meant that efforts to control water pollution throughout the country had not been effective, Loi said.

Many localities hardly implemented existing regulations on controlling water pollution, he added.

He said concerned agencies should learn from the experiences of other countries before issuing effective regulations for managing water pollution in Viet Nam.

Loi also suggested the agencies learn experiences from foreign countries before issuing the set of rules on controlling water pollution.

Viet Nam is home to more than 2,300 rivers.

Le Hoang Anh, deputy head of the Centre for Environmental Monitoring said that surface water in rivers in the northern region was highly polluted.

She cited the Nhue and To Lich rivers as examples.

The pollution had mostly been caused by untreated wastewater discharged by households, industrial zones, hospitals, and craft villages, she said, adding the situation was almost the same in the southern region.

For instance, wastewater discharged from industrial zones had polluted long stretches of the Dong Nai River, Anh said.

In the Cuu Long (Mekong) Delta, wastewater from aquaculture and agricultural production had polluted local rivers, she added.

Anh suggested that authorised agencies in the northern region step up installation and operation of wastewater treatment systems for handling household waste in major cities like Ha Noi and Hai Phong, as well as provinces like Quang Ninh.

In the southern region, there was a need for greater focus on treating wastewater discharged by industrial zones, she said.

Mekong Delta authorities, meanwhile, should increase inspections of aquaculture farms as well as agricultural production processes that generate polluting waste, she added.

Loi said authorized agencies should be asked to ratify and apply international conventions on water pollution.

The two-day workshop was jointly organised by the Centre for Environment and Community Research, the Viet Nam Union of Scientific and Technology Associations and Coalition for Clean Water and OXFAM. — VNS

GLOSSARY

Viet Nam needs to have a comprehensive, unified set of rules to control water pollution in the country, because the problem has assumed very serious proportions, experts and officials said at a workshop yesterday.

A comprehensive set of rules is a collection of rules that would have been made taking everything to do with water pollution into consideration.

 

A unified set of rules on water pollution means a set of rules that includes everything to do with water pollution in one section of the law books, rather than having different rules relating to water pollution in different sections of the law books.

 

If a problem assumes serious proportions, it becomes a very big problem, so much so that it becomes bigger than other problems.

"We now have several regulations scattered over several legal documents," said Pham Van Loi, head of the Institute of Science for Environmental Management.

Legal documents are papers containing important information to do with the law.

This has meant that efforts to control water pollution throughout the country have not been effective, Loi said.

If something is done effectively, it is done successfully and according to how it was planned.

Many localities hardly implement existing regulations on controlling water pollution, he added.

When localities implement regulations, they make laws that must be obeyed.

Le Hoang Anh, deputy head of the Centre for Environmental Monitoring said that surface water in rivers in the northern region was highly polluted.

Surface water is water that has collected on the surface of the ground.

In the Cuu Long (Mekong) Delta, wastewater from aquaculture and agricultural production had polluted local rivers, she added.

Aquaculture means farming things in  water, especially fish.

WORKSHEET

Find words that mean the following in the Word Search:

1.      A type of farming that involves water.

2.      There are 2,300 of them in Viet Nam.

3.      Ha Noi and Hai Phong are examples of …… cities.

4.      Wastewater comes into rivers from these zones in the southern region.

5.      The kind of meeting at which it was decided that Viet Nam needed new regulations with regard to water pollution.

 

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© Duncan Guy/Learn the News/ Viet Nam News 2014





























1. Aquaculture; 2. Rivers; 3. Major; 4. Industrial; 5. Workshop.

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