To man a lighthouse means to keep it going.
Bohemian style means the way of life like that of people who do not live ordinary lives and prefer to be able to think and act freely, even if it means they will never become rich.
A decade is a period of ten years.
A land mass is a piece of land.
An interruption is something that gets in the way of something else.
Maritime means to do with the ocean.
Coral reefs are like rocks in the ocean. However, they are not rocks. They are reefs made from coral, which is a little animal that lives on top of old, dead corals.
When soldiers are stationed in a place they are ordered to go and live there to carry out duties from that place.
To improve means to make something better.
Life buoys are things that can float. Ships carry them to help people stay floating if there is an accident and they up in the water.
To relocate means to move to another place.
Posts are places where people, like soldiers and lighthouse keepers, are ordered to be.
The sovereignty of a nation is its position as a country that has the right to rule itself and not be ruled by any other.
People who are natives of a place, come from that place. If something is limited, there is not enough of it available.
"Fraught with peril" means "filled of dangers at that moment".
To be reassured means to be reminded that things are not too bad.
The livelihood of fishermen is what makes it possible for them to make money to stay alive. To do this, they catch fish.
Communication technology is equipment that makes it possible for people to send messages to one another. Maritime communication technology is this type of equipment that is made especially to be used out at sea.
People reach retirement when they become too old to be allowed to work, and they retire.
State whether the following are true, or false:
1. There is only one lighthouse in the Spratly Islands.
2. There are no islands in Khanh Hoa Province.
3. The city of Hai Phong is on the coast.
4. Truong Sa Lon lighthouse does not have enough space for the lighthouse keeper to keep chickens.
5. Colonel Nguyen Ba Ngoc is in the Viet Nam Navy.
Lighthouses are very important. They warn ships at sea where there is land so they do not have accidents. People who live and work in lighthouses are called lighthouse keepers. One of Viet Nam's lighthouse keepers is Nguyen Van Thu. He works on the Truong Sa (Spratly) Islands, away from his family. He hopes to see more of them when he is too old to carry on working.
For two decades, he's watched over the lighthouse on Sinh Ton Island, a land mass of about eight hectares belonging to the Spratly Islands.
As one of the first people to work at Spratly Islands' nine lighthouses, Thu said the job was not as easy as it sounds.
"When there's a system breakdown, we only have minutes to fix it. If there are interruptions in maritime signals, vessels could lose direction, hitting hidden rocks or coral reefs," Thu said.
The job involves a lot of waiting.
Everyday at exactly 5:30pm, the nine lighthouses in the Spratly Islands are turned on. Their glow lasts until 6:30am the following morning.
The lighthouses here are managed under the Southern Viet Nam Maritime Safety Corporation. Unlike other soldiers stationed in the islands, the lighthouse staff must pay for their own food and personal items. They can place their orders within the company, which sends a ship to the island once every few months.
In 2006, when Thu was the head of the An Bang Island lighthouse, he and other staff members tried catching fish to improve their meals. Unfortunately, their vessel broke down at sea.
"We decided to swim to shore, which was five kilometres away. I told others that if I couldn't make it, they should switch direction to save time and didn't need to rescue me," he recalled.
|Nguyen Van Thu has been guarding lighthouses in Spratly Islands' nine lighthouses for more than half his life. - Ảnh: File photo
But they made it.
When the weather turns bad, the job gets more difficult. During the season when the sea is rough, staff members always have canoes and life buoys ready.
Ngo Van Thanh, head of the lighthouse at Da Tay Island, said when the wind was so harsh that the waves neared the top of the lighthouse, they had to relocate further into the island.
However, they don't even think of leaving their posts.
"A lighthouse guard leaving his post is like a soldier leaving his fighting post," Thanh said. "We are not just helping the fishermen; we help mark the sovereignty of the nation. Even during stormy nights, we keep the light shining."
As a native of the northern port city of Hai Phong, Thanh has more than 20 years of experience guarding lighthouses in the Spratly Islands. When he was young, Thanh guarded the stations on Long Chau and Hon Dau islands before moving to An Bang, Song Tu Tay and Da Lat islands. He's now stationed at Da Tay Island.
Inside the lighthouse, about four to five people live in an area of about 15-20 square metres.
Other rooms are used for storing equipment. Even at the biggest lighthouse in the islands, Truong Sa Lon, there is little space. Vu Sy Luu, a guard there, said he wanted to raise a dog or some chickens - but the living space was just too limited.
Every year, each staff member gets about three months off. And during the Lunar New Year, some get to go home. However, the trip is fraught with peril. Thu missed his son's wedding because a storm struck while the ship was going ashore.
Colonel Nguyen Ba Ngoc, deputy head of the Viet Nam People's Navy Region 4, which manages the Spratly Islands maritime force, said the nine lighthouses are located throughout the 21 islands of Truong Sa District, central Khanh Hoa Province. "They help the fishermen feel reassured and continue to get their livelihood from the sea," he said.
Some of the men here are already in their late 50s. The men are all in their 50s or older. They miss their family members back on shore, whom they talk to occasionally through maritime communication technology.
"We just have to wait until retirement to repay our family members for the days we're gone," Thanh said.
Sometimes fishermen pass by the islands to say hello or bring gifts.
During the night, besides the eye of the lighthouse, the eyes of the staff look back at the deep sea."For us, no matter where you guard, it's always close to the sea," Thanh said. "We feel happy and relieved seeing just a flash of light reflecting back from out there."
When asked why he'd chosen such a difficult and remote job, he only laughed.
"If we didn't do it, who would?" - VNS
ANSWERS OF WORKSHEET
This page has been developed in cooperation with Duncan Guy, founder and editor of Learn the News