Deposit interest rates in the Vietnamese dong this year are expected to rise 1 per cent against last year. — Photo vietstock.vn
HÀ NỘI (VNS) — Deposit interest rates in the Vietnamese đồng this year are expected to rise one per cent against last year, according to a report from the National Financial Supervisory Commission (NFSC).
According to the Government-run financial watchdog’s latest report released this week, banks will see increasing capital needs after credit growth has accelerated and outstripped capital mobilisation.
Besides, the hike in interest rates will be driven by higher inflation expectations and the revision of a central bank regulation that reduces the use of short-term capital for long-term lending, the commission noted.
However, the commission anticipated that lending rates would remain under control to support economic growth.
The commission reported that inter-bank interest rates also went up in the first quarter of this year, in comparison with a year earlier, particularly at longer-than-12-month terms.
Last week, ANZ also noted assuming the central bank allows sufficient flexibility in the USD/VNĐ rate, interest rates may rise as the đồng liquidity will likely remain adequate.
“However, so long as the central bank keeps a cap on deposit rates in the hope of discouraging inefficient use of capital, the room to raise policy rates is limited,” ANZ said.
Under the NFSC report, the commission also said that the non-deliverable forward (NDF) for the USD/VNĐ rate was flat in March and the country’s credit default swap (CDS) was on the decline, indicating strengthened confidence of foreign investors in the đồng.
Analysts at Maritime Bank this week also forecast that the USD/VNĐ rate is forecast to remain steady in the second quarter of this year.
Thanks to its success in reducing dollar hoarding and pressure on USD/VNĐ rate after applying a daily reference rate, the State Bank of Việt Nam (SBV) will be capable of keeping the USD/VNĐ rate stable in the second quarter of this year.
“In Q2 2016, we expect the USD/VNĐ rate to continue staying steady or declining slightly, enabling the SBV to buy in foreign currency, enrich forex reserves and improve đồng liquidity,” the Hà Nội-based bank’s analysts said.
The analysts said that the banking regulator has other measures on the cards to dampen speculation in foreign currency.
Among them, the analysts said, the SBV could lower the interest rate on dollar deposits to below zero per cent or regulate different reserve ratios for banks that have different forex positions. – VNS