Workers at Nam Huy Đồng Tháp Co package agricultural products for export to the US. — VNA/VNS Photo Vũ Sinh
HÀ NỘI (VNS) — The State has had policies to attract more investment in the farming industry, especially foreign direct investment (FDI), but investors must overcome numerous challenges to achieve success, experts said.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has submitted to the government a draft of a strategy to attract FDI in Việt Nam’s farming, forestry and fishery sectors by 2030, according to Trần Kim Long, head of the ministry’s International Cooperation Department.
Under the draft, the ministry has forecast that the FDI to the industry would reach US$5 billion in 2020 and $8 billion by 2030.
Long said the capital was scheduled to fund 31 sectors producing added value and high competitive products, including deep-processing technologies for farming products such as rice, cassava, rubber, and coffee, in addition to cacao.
The draft included incentives for foreign investors, such as reduction in corporate income tax, import and export tax, and exemption of land rent for several years from the time the projects come into operation, Tuổi trẻ newspaper reported.
Meanwhile, the ministry said there are 3,500 local enterprises, accounting for one per cent of the total number of local entrepreneurs, who invest in the farming industry, but they have focussed on trading services and not on producing farm products as they were afraid of the unexpected risks. They included Hoàng Anh Gia Lai, Vingroup, Hòa Phát, and T&T, in addition to Him Lam.
Đặng Kim Sơn, former head of the ministry’s Institute for Strategy and Policies on Agricultural and Rural Development, said the risks involved natural disasters, diseases, unstable markets and changes of policies because farming products need investment on a long term over several months or years, and even tens of years, as in the case of forestry projects, so the risks are very large.
In addition, local firms must face tough competition from foreign investors who had strong financial ability, according to Dương Công Minh, Him Lam chairman.
Therefore, Sơn said, local enterprises should conduct adequate market research and focus on investment fields that they could manage investment activities well. They should also build a friendly-environmental and sustainable production system, Thời Báo Kinh doanh newspaper reported.
Nguyễn Văn Thắng, Vietinbank chairman, said associations should promote their roles to support local firms of large agricultural firms while the State should have policies to encourage enterprises to invest more into the high-tech farming sector for modernising the local farming industry, improving the quality of Vietnamese farming products and reaching strict marketing standards. — VNS