|The Forum co-organised by the Centre Institute of Economic Management (CIEM) and School of Public Policy under the University of Tokyo. — Photo laodongthudo/ bizlive.vn
HA NOI (VNS)— Scholars and economists yesterday discussed the preparation and readiness of Vietnam towards the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in a forum co-organised by the Centre Institute of Economic Management (CIEM) and School of Public Policy under the University of Tokyo.
The AEC, which is planned to set up by year end, is in one of the most promising regions in the world for future opportunity as ASEAN is a single market of 600 million people with a combined GDP of almost US$3 trillion.
Nguyen Hong Son, Rector of the University of Economics, Vietnam National University said the AEC aimed to support the development of micro-enterprises, small and medium-sized enterprises, the application of digital technology, enhance governance and green technology. Associations and research institutes play an advisory role, supporting the integration process for the next 10 years.
Son said though the local business environment has improved significantly in recent years, it was lower than others in the region.
Meanwhile, Professor Toshiro Nishizawa, from the School of Public Policy, University of Tokyo said Viet Nam had great potential for development, emphasising that the AEC can be a key driver of new growth for the country.
The professor also pointed to some challenges for the country such as the difficulties of small and medium-sized enterprises, financial capacity and low-skilled labor force, thinking that Viet Nam should spend ten years or more to overcome all the challenges.
Nguyen Dinh Cung, CIEM chairman, even said the development motivation of Viet Nam was lower than it was ten years ago as many businesses were not ready for economic integration with their limited knowledge and lack of interest.
Economic expert Pham Chi Lan said that 70 per cent of SMEs were not involved in import-export, they did not feel the pressure of integration. At the same time, they, on the other hand, were struggling to survive in the local business environment.
Lan said economic policies to help the SMEs should be operated in reality rather only on paper, hoping that Japanese partners could create linkages to promote growth in the ASEAN region.
CIEM said after 2015 when the country gets deeper into ASEAN integration, it should work more actively to take full advantage of the opportunities for developing capacity building for the business environment as well as the scientific and technological area. — VNS