|Viet Nam's jewellery exports have steadily decreased in recent years, from nearly US$3 billion in 2011 to only $670 million in 2014.— Photo hanoimoi
HA NOI (VNS) — Most domestic jewellery producers have ignored an increased export tax imposed on gold jewelry, as the new duty does not affect their businesses.
Under Decision 36/2015/TT-BTC, the Finance Ministry (MoF) yesterday imposed a new export tax on gold jewellery, in which an export duty on gold jewellery that is more than 95 per cent pure increased from zero to two per cent. The decision, however, maintains zero per cent duty on gold jewellery that is 95 per cent pure or less.
Previously, the Viet Nam Gold Trade Association asked the MoF not to increase the duty, as it was concerned that a new duty would affect local gold businesses. The association said that foreign competitors of Vietnamese jewellery producers, such as China, Thailand, Indonesia and India, not only had better technology, but also were allowed to import gold with no export duty being imposed on gold jewelry.
Representatives from Phu Nhuan Jewelry Co (PNJ) said that PNJ only exported jewellery that is less than 18-karat gold, or 75 per cent pure gold, so the new export tax would have no affect on the company.
In fact, Viet Nam's jewellery exports have steadily decreased in recent years, from nearly US$3 billion in 2011 to only $670 million in 2014.
The country currently has three jewelry exporters of PNJ, SJC and DOJI, however, exports account for a modest part of the firms' total turnover.
The exporters noted that it would be increasingly difficult to compete against other global rivals, as they have to pay a higher price for raw materials for their production since they cannot import gold by themselves to lower input costs. Since May 2012, SBV has been the only gold importer in Viet Nam to improve their management of the local gold market. However, experts said that another reason for Vietnamese jewellery becoming less competitive was due to claims by some jewellery producers who mislead customers about the purity of gold content.
To better manage jewellery trading, the Government instituted stronger measures last year to control the trading. Further, large jewellery producers with trademarks hope this would help them develop targets for export, especially if the central bank allowed them to import gold for use in producing jewellery. — VNS