HA NOI — The State Bank of Viet Nam (SBV) would lower the yearly interest rate to 12 per cent because of stable macroeconomic conditions, slowly increasing inflation, improved bank liquidity and credit.
Do Thi Nhung, deputy head of the SBV's Monetary Policies Department, made the statement at a conference to discuss capital solutions for small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Viet Nam in the capital yesterday.
Nhung said the monetary policies would remain under control.
"We would reduce the interest rate 1 per cent every quarter if the macro economy is favourable," she said, adding that the SBV targeted to lower the annual interest rate to 10-11 per cent, bringing the lending interest rate lower.
She said the SBV would ensure control on money supply at a reasonable level, supporting liquidity at commercial banks and bringing the total payment means increase to 14-16 per cent.
It would also adjust credit growth targets at credit organisations to retain the rate at 15 to 17 per cent this year.
Nhung affirmed that the SBV would continue to supply capital through open market operations (OMO) and refinance operations to support liquidity at commercial banks alongside flexible monetary policies to facilitate SMEs in accessing loans.
She said commercial banks should reduce business costs to create favourable conditions for reducing the interest rate, restructuring debts or reducing the interest rate at enterprises that have coped with difficulties and increase the proportion of mid- and long-term loans.
"The SBV has considered to provide a suitable lending proportion to businesses, organisations and individuals which have not been given priority to access to loans for consumption and buying houses," she said.
She added the SBV had allowed people who borrowed money to buy and build low-income houses to access loans at the beginning of this year.
Nguyen Thi Mui, director of the Viet Nam Bank for Industry and Trade (Vietinbank)'s Human Resource Development and Training School, said the number of SMEs in Viet Nam accounted for 97 per cent of the total while those in developed countries was 90 to 95 per cent.
Vietnamese SMEs have provided jobs for a half of the economy's labourers, contributing 40 per cent to annual GDP.
"However, their ability to access loans was only 30 per cent due to limited financial capacity," Mui said.
Statistics from the Ministry of Planning and Investment's General Statistics Office showed that the proportion of SMEs with charter capital of less than VND5 billion (US$240,400) was in the majority. Most businesses had small production capabilities, backward technology and limited finances.
She said this year would challenge SMEs as, according to the competitive index released at the World Economic Forum, Viet Nam's competitiveness in integration had exposed shortcomings.
"In addition, a lack of market information has created difficulties," she added.
A recent survey conducted by the Viet Nam Chamber of Commerce and Industry showed that 26 per cent of surveyed businesses had coped with the issue.
She said several credit organisations had no trust in SMEs, creating difficulties in accessing loans, which often required mortage assets.
"Commercial banks should combine different products as a condition to lower the lending interest rate," she said, adding that they could apply a financial leasing model to access capital.
The director added that SMEs should improve finance and administrative management to gain trust from banks while being active in building suitable investment plans.
She recommended Government improve factors of institution and infrastructure, which could help enterprises reduce costs, promoting private investment. — VNS