HCM CITY — Farmers in Can Tho City have increased their profits by VND4.8 million to VND5.3 million per ha in the last winter-spring rice crop under the large-scale cultivation model, according to the local Department of Agriculture and Rural Development.
|Large-scale rice farming model in Can Tho City's Vinh Thanh District. — VNA/VNS Photo Hoang Vu.
Addressing a seminar held in the Cuu Long (Mekong) Delta city last Thursday to review results obtained with large-scale farming under Vietnamese Good Agriculture Practices (VietGAP) standards, the department's director, Pham Van Huynh, said farmers had earned profits from VND29.8 million to VND34,6 million per ha.
Huynh explained that in last winter-spring crop, farmers spent from VND2,558 to VND3,116 on a kilogramme of paddy under the large-scale model, VND400 per kg lower than on small fields, while selling paddy at VND5,750 to VND7,350 per kg, VND100 to VND200 higher than paddy grown on small fields.
Furthermore, each ha under the large-scale farming model produces 7.78 to 8 tonnes of paddy, an increase of 350 to 500kg per ha under the traditional farming model, said Huynh.
In the 2011 – 2012 winter-spring crop, Can Tho City had 89,000 ha under rice cultivation, and 963 families had voluntarily registered to take part in the large-scale farming model with fields covering a total of 1,832 ha in the districts of Vinh Thanh, Co Do, Thoi Lai and Thot Not.
Under the new farming model, only one variety was sowed at the same time in a field. This helped farmers save 80-100 kg of seeds per ha.
However, several difficulties still remained in the application of large scale rice cultivation model, the seminar heard.
Spearkers said low educational background of farmers, unlevelled fields and under-developed irrigation systems increased production costs and reduced yields.
Huynh said underdeveloped transport infrastructure was another factor that affected efforts to mechanise agricultural production and increase efficiency.
In related news, the Minsitry of Agriculture and Rural Development held another seminar in Can Tho City the same day to introduce "solutions to post-harvest rice drying in the Cuu Long (Mekong) Delta."
The seminar aims at reducing post-harvest losses and improving rice quality.According to the ministry, the Cuu Long (Mekong) Delta has nearly 4 million ha under rice cultivation, producing more than 21 million tonnes of paddy annually, accounting for 50 per cent of the country's paddy yield and 90 per cent of its rice exports.
However, the country still suffered great losses during and after harvests, amounting to 3.2 million tonnes per year, including the loss of some 970,000 tonnes of paddy per year in the drying process, it said.
It said modern drying facilities were needed to prevent such losses. — VNS